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Overweight and obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Med J. 2008 Sep; 29(9):1319-25.SM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe anthropometric characteristics of participants and the influence of sociodemographic and cardiovascular risk factors involved in the prevalence of obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia.

METHODS

In the year 2004, all Saudi residents in the Eastern province aged 30 years and above, were invited to participate in a community screening campaign for early detection of diabetes and hypertension. Demographic data, medical history, life habits, weight, height, blood pressure, and glucose concentration were recorded using a structured questionnaire. Obesity and overweight were defined by body mass index (BMI) >or=30 kg/m2 and 25-29.9 kg/m2, respectively. Logistic regression was used to predict the association of the significant factors with the prevalence of obesity.

RESULTS

Out of 195,874 participants, the overall prevalence of obesity was 43.8%, while 35.1% were overweight. The prevalence of underweight was 1.3%. The peak prevalence of obesity was observed in the age group 50-59 years. Obesity was higher among women than men, higher in housewives, and among the less educated than others (p<0.0001). Linear regression analysis showed a strong proportional association of BMI with diabetes, hypertension, triglycerides and cholesterol, and an inverse proportional association with physical activity and smoking

CONCLUSION

Obesity and overweight constitute an important health problem affecting a high proportion of Saudi population. Addressing associated factors, and enhancing public health education is an important aim to focus on for weight control.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Directorate of Health Affairs, Ministry of Health, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, PO Box 63915, Dammam 31526, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. nadiraa@windowslive.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18813420

Citation

Al-Baghli, Nadira A., et al. "Overweight and Obesity in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia." Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 29, no. 9, 2008, pp. 1319-25.
Al-Baghli NA, Al-Ghamdi AJ, Al-Turki KA, et al. Overweight and obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2008;29(9):1319-25.
Al-Baghli, N. A., Al-Ghamdi, A. J., Al-Turki, K. A., El-Zubaier, A. G., Al-Ameer, M. M., & Al-Baghli, F. A. (2008). Overweight and obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal, 29(9), 1319-25.
Al-Baghli NA, et al. Overweight and Obesity in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2008;29(9):1319-25. PubMed PMID: 18813420.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Overweight and obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. AU - Al-Baghli,Nadira A, AU - Al-Ghamdi,Aqeel J, AU - Al-Turki,Khalid A, AU - El-Zubaier,Ahmad G, AU - Al-Ameer,Mahmood M, AU - Al-Baghli,Fadel A, PY - 2008/9/25/pubmed PY - 2009/1/8/medline PY - 2008/9/25/entrez SP - 1319 EP - 25 JF - Saudi medical journal JO - Saudi Med J VL - 29 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe anthropometric characteristics of participants and the influence of sociodemographic and cardiovascular risk factors involved in the prevalence of obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In the year 2004, all Saudi residents in the Eastern province aged 30 years and above, were invited to participate in a community screening campaign for early detection of diabetes and hypertension. Demographic data, medical history, life habits, weight, height, blood pressure, and glucose concentration were recorded using a structured questionnaire. Obesity and overweight were defined by body mass index (BMI) >or=30 kg/m2 and 25-29.9 kg/m2, respectively. Logistic regression was used to predict the association of the significant factors with the prevalence of obesity. RESULTS: Out of 195,874 participants, the overall prevalence of obesity was 43.8%, while 35.1% were overweight. The prevalence of underweight was 1.3%. The peak prevalence of obesity was observed in the age group 50-59 years. Obesity was higher among women than men, higher in housewives, and among the less educated than others (p<0.0001). Linear regression analysis showed a strong proportional association of BMI with diabetes, hypertension, triglycerides and cholesterol, and an inverse proportional association with physical activity and smoking CONCLUSION: Obesity and overweight constitute an important health problem affecting a high proportion of Saudi population. Addressing associated factors, and enhancing public health education is an important aim to focus on for weight control. SN - 0379-5284 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18813420/Overweight_and_obesity_in_the_eastern_province_of_Saudi_Arabia_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9028 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -