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Effects of oral fat perception by modified sham feeding on energy expenditure, hormones and appetite profile in the postprandial state.
Br J Nutr. 2009 May; 101(9):1360-8.BJ

Abstract

Previously, we have shown that satiety and metabolites increased after high-fat modified sham feeding (MSF). We assessed possible metabolic effects due to oral stimulation with a high-fat sham-fed 'meal', in comparison with a high-fat fed meal and with water, in the postprandial state. Fourteen healthy women (aged 18-40 years; BMI 22.5 (SD 3) kg/m2) were fed in energy balance during 4 d with a 50 % energy as carbohydrate, 15 % energy as protein and 35 % energy as fat menu. On day 4, subjects were given one out of three test lunches, 5 h after a high-fat breakfast, in random order: a high-fat MSF lunch, water (W) or the same lunch to be eaten (E), during their 36 h stay in the respiration chamber, where substrate oxidation, 24 h energy expenditure (EE) and appetite profile were measured. Oral fat stimulation by MSF increased EE (W 6.3 (SD 0.8) v. MSF 6.9 (SD 1.0) kJ/min and E 6.8 (SD 0.7) kJ/min; P < 0.04) for 1 h, increased plasma insulin concentrations (t = 15; W 10.0 (SD 3.4) v. MSF 13.2 (SD 4.0) v. E 22.3 (SD 3.3) units/l; P < 0.0001), attenuated changes in plasma NEFA concentrations (t = 15, W 432 (SD 108) v. MSF 418 (SD 146) v. E 282 (SD 72) micromol/l; P < 0.0001), plasma TAG concentrations (t = 60; W 1092 (SD 548) v. MSF 1116 (SD 493) micromol/l and E 1350 (SD 352) micromol/l; P < 0.02) and plasma glycerol concentrations (t = 15, W 87 (SD 29) v. MSF 74 (SD 34) micromol/l and E 67 (SD 18) micromol/l; P < 0.03). Over a longer period of time, MSF had no effects on substrate oxidation, diet-induced thermogenesis or total EE. In addition to the previously observed metabolic effects of oral stimulation with fat, EE is stimulated up to 1 h after the MSF meal.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, Maastricht 6200 MD, The Netherlands. astrid.smeets@hb.unimaas.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18814804

Citation

Smeets, Astrid J., et al. "Effects of Oral Fat Perception By Modified Sham Feeding On Energy Expenditure, Hormones and Appetite Profile in the Postprandial State." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 101, no. 9, 2009, pp. 1360-8.
Smeets AJ, Lejeune MP, Westerterp-Plantenga MS. Effects of oral fat perception by modified sham feeding on energy expenditure, hormones and appetite profile in the postprandial state. Br J Nutr. 2009;101(9):1360-8.
Smeets, A. J., Lejeune, M. P., & Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S. (2009). Effects of oral fat perception by modified sham feeding on energy expenditure, hormones and appetite profile in the postprandial state. The British Journal of Nutrition, 101(9), 1360-8. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114508079592
Smeets AJ, Lejeune MP, Westerterp-Plantenga MS. Effects of Oral Fat Perception By Modified Sham Feeding On Energy Expenditure, Hormones and Appetite Profile in the Postprandial State. Br J Nutr. 2009;101(9):1360-8. PubMed PMID: 18814804.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of oral fat perception by modified sham feeding on energy expenditure, hormones and appetite profile in the postprandial state. AU - Smeets,Astrid J, AU - Lejeune,Manuela P, AU - Westerterp-Plantenga,Margriet S, Y1 - 2008/09/25/ PY - 2008/9/26/pubmed PY - 2009/6/30/medline PY - 2008/9/26/entrez SP - 1360 EP - 8 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 101 IS - 9 N2 - Previously, we have shown that satiety and metabolites increased after high-fat modified sham feeding (MSF). We assessed possible metabolic effects due to oral stimulation with a high-fat sham-fed 'meal', in comparison with a high-fat fed meal and with water, in the postprandial state. Fourteen healthy women (aged 18-40 years; BMI 22.5 (SD 3) kg/m2) were fed in energy balance during 4 d with a 50 % energy as carbohydrate, 15 % energy as protein and 35 % energy as fat menu. On day 4, subjects were given one out of three test lunches, 5 h after a high-fat breakfast, in random order: a high-fat MSF lunch, water (W) or the same lunch to be eaten (E), during their 36 h stay in the respiration chamber, where substrate oxidation, 24 h energy expenditure (EE) and appetite profile were measured. Oral fat stimulation by MSF increased EE (W 6.3 (SD 0.8) v. MSF 6.9 (SD 1.0) kJ/min and E 6.8 (SD 0.7) kJ/min; P < 0.04) for 1 h, increased plasma insulin concentrations (t = 15; W 10.0 (SD 3.4) v. MSF 13.2 (SD 4.0) v. E 22.3 (SD 3.3) units/l; P < 0.0001), attenuated changes in plasma NEFA concentrations (t = 15, W 432 (SD 108) v. MSF 418 (SD 146) v. E 282 (SD 72) micromol/l; P < 0.0001), plasma TAG concentrations (t = 60; W 1092 (SD 548) v. MSF 1116 (SD 493) micromol/l and E 1350 (SD 352) micromol/l; P < 0.02) and plasma glycerol concentrations (t = 15, W 87 (SD 29) v. MSF 74 (SD 34) micromol/l and E 67 (SD 18) micromol/l; P < 0.03). Over a longer period of time, MSF had no effects on substrate oxidation, diet-induced thermogenesis or total EE. In addition to the previously observed metabolic effects of oral stimulation with fat, EE is stimulated up to 1 h after the MSF meal. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18814804/Effects_of_oral_fat_perception_by_modified_sham_feeding_on_energy_expenditure_hormones_and_appetite_profile_in_the_postprandial_state_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114508079592/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -