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Anemia of chronic disease and defective erythropoietin production in patients with celiac disease.
Haematologica. 2008 Dec; 93(12):1785-91.H

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Anemia due to hematinic deficiencies is common in patients with untreated celiac disease. Although celiac disease is a chronic condition characterized by an intense inflammatory response of the intestinal mucosa, scant data are available about the prevalence of anemia of chronic disease in celiac disease.

DESIGN AND METHODS

One hundred and fifty-two patients with celiac disease at presentation were studied. Anemia was investigated by determining complete blood counts, body iron status, serum levels of the soluble transferrin receptor, erythropoietin, prohepcidin and interferon-gamma. Genotyping for HFE mutations associated with hereditary hemochromatosis was performed. Fifty-three anemic patients were re-evaluated for hematologic response after 1 year on a gluten-free diet.

RESULTS

At the time of diagnosis of celiac disease the prevalence of anemia was 34%. Fifty-three out of 65 anemic patients had either iron and/or vitamin deficiency (folate, vitamin B(12)). Hereditary hemochromatosis mutations did not affect the prevalence of anemia. In 11 cases iron status parameters were indicative of anemia of chronic disease, sometimes in association with iron deficiency (6 patients). Patients with anemia of chronic disease had low levels of erythropoietin for the degree of anemia and increased serum interferon-gamma. In most cases anemia improved following a gluten-free diet, response rates being similar in anemia of chronic disease and in anemia due to hematinic deficiencies.

CONCLUSIONS

Our study shows that, in addition to iron and vitamin deficiencies, anemia of chronic disease has a significant role in some patients with celiac disease. Suppression of intestinal inflammatory changes as a result of a gluten-free diet improves anemia by correcting iron and vitamin malabsorption as well as mechanisms contributing to anemia of chronic disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia Medical School and Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy. n.bergamaschi@smatteo.pv.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18815191

Citation

Bergamaschi, Gaetano, et al. "Anemia of Chronic Disease and Defective Erythropoietin Production in Patients With Celiac Disease." Haematologica, vol. 93, no. 12, 2008, pp. 1785-91.
Bergamaschi G, Markopoulos K, Albertini R, et al. Anemia of chronic disease and defective erythropoietin production in patients with celiac disease. Haematologica. 2008;93(12):1785-91.
Bergamaschi, G., Markopoulos, K., Albertini, R., Di Sabatino, A., Biagi, F., Ciccocioppo, R., Arbustini, E., & Corazza, G. R. (2008). Anemia of chronic disease and defective erythropoietin production in patients with celiac disease. Haematologica, 93(12), 1785-91. https://doi.org/10.3324/haematol.13255
Bergamaschi G, et al. Anemia of Chronic Disease and Defective Erythropoietin Production in Patients With Celiac Disease. Haematologica. 2008;93(12):1785-91. PubMed PMID: 18815191.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anemia of chronic disease and defective erythropoietin production in patients with celiac disease. AU - Bergamaschi,Gaetano, AU - Markopoulos,Konstantinos, AU - Albertini,Riccardo, AU - Di Sabatino,Antonio, AU - Biagi,Federico, AU - Ciccocioppo,Rachele, AU - Arbustini,Eloisa, AU - Corazza,Gino Roberto, Y1 - 2008/09/24/ PY - 2008/9/26/pubmed PY - 2009/2/28/medline PY - 2008/9/26/entrez SP - 1785 EP - 91 JF - Haematologica JO - Haematologica VL - 93 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: Anemia due to hematinic deficiencies is common in patients with untreated celiac disease. Although celiac disease is a chronic condition characterized by an intense inflammatory response of the intestinal mucosa, scant data are available about the prevalence of anemia of chronic disease in celiac disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two patients with celiac disease at presentation were studied. Anemia was investigated by determining complete blood counts, body iron status, serum levels of the soluble transferrin receptor, erythropoietin, prohepcidin and interferon-gamma. Genotyping for HFE mutations associated with hereditary hemochromatosis was performed. Fifty-three anemic patients were re-evaluated for hematologic response after 1 year on a gluten-free diet. RESULTS: At the time of diagnosis of celiac disease the prevalence of anemia was 34%. Fifty-three out of 65 anemic patients had either iron and/or vitamin deficiency (folate, vitamin B(12)). Hereditary hemochromatosis mutations did not affect the prevalence of anemia. In 11 cases iron status parameters were indicative of anemia of chronic disease, sometimes in association with iron deficiency (6 patients). Patients with anemia of chronic disease had low levels of erythropoietin for the degree of anemia and increased serum interferon-gamma. In most cases anemia improved following a gluten-free diet, response rates being similar in anemia of chronic disease and in anemia due to hematinic deficiencies. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that, in addition to iron and vitamin deficiencies, anemia of chronic disease has a significant role in some patients with celiac disease. Suppression of intestinal inflammatory changes as a result of a gluten-free diet improves anemia by correcting iron and vitamin malabsorption as well as mechanisms contributing to anemia of chronic disease. SN - 1592-8721 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18815191/Anemia_of_chronic_disease_and_defective_erythropoietin_production_in_patients_with_celiac_disease_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3324/haematol.13255 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -