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Do medical students know enough about smoking to help their future patients? Assessment of New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment for nicotine addiction.
Acad Med. 2008 Oct; 83(10):982-9.AM

Abstract

PURPOSE

Practicing physicians underutilize U.S. Department of Health and Human Services evidence-based approaches to nicotine addiction and treatment. Few studies have assessed medical student knowledge in this area. This study examined New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment of nicotine addiction.

METHOD

The authors conducted a Web-based survey, comprising 27 closed- and open-ended questions, of six of seven New York City medical schools in the spring of 2004. They drew questions from international, national, and local surveys on tobacco and health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services tobacco treatment guidelines, and prior studies. Primary outcome measures were knowledge of the epidemiology of smoking, benefits of cessation and treatment of nicotine addiction, clinical cessation practices, and students' use of tobacco and intentions to stop smoking.

RESULTS

Of 943 fourth-year medical students, 469 (50%) completed an online survey. Students had good knowledge of the epidemiology of smoking, including its prevalence and health effects, with most responding correctly to relevant questions (mean correct response 79%; SD = 9.4). Students demonstrated a fair understanding of the benefits of cessation (mean correct response, 67%; SD = 19.2) and treatment of nicotine addiction (mean correct response, 61%; SD = 13.2). Three hundred students (64%) rated their own preparation to assist patients to quit as less than adequate.

CONCLUSIONS

Fourth-year medical students at the participating schools in New York City understood the harms of smoking but needed more information on the benefits of stopping smoking and treatment of nicotine addiction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Adelphi University, Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Garden City, New York, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18820533

Citation

Springer, Carolyn M., et al. "Do Medical Students Know Enough About Smoking to Help Their Future Patients? Assessment of New York City Fourth-year Medical Students' Knowledge of Tobacco Cessation and Treatment for Nicotine Addiction." Academic Medicine : Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, vol. 83, no. 10, 2008, pp. 982-9.
Springer CM, Tannert Niang KM, Matte TD, et al. Do medical students know enough about smoking to help their future patients? Assessment of New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment for nicotine addiction. Acad Med. 2008;83(10):982-9.
Springer, C. M., Tannert Niang, K. M., Matte, T. D., Miller, N., Bassett, M. T., & Frieden, T. R. (2008). Do medical students know enough about smoking to help their future patients? Assessment of New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment for nicotine addiction. Academic Medicine : Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 83(10), 982-9. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181850b68
Springer CM, et al. Do Medical Students Know Enough About Smoking to Help Their Future Patients? Assessment of New York City Fourth-year Medical Students' Knowledge of Tobacco Cessation and Treatment for Nicotine Addiction. Acad Med. 2008;83(10):982-9. PubMed PMID: 18820533.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do medical students know enough about smoking to help their future patients? Assessment of New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment for nicotine addiction. AU - Springer,Carolyn M, AU - Tannert Niang,Kathryn M, AU - Matte,Thomas D, AU - Miller,Nancy, AU - Bassett,Mary T, AU - Frieden,Thomas R, PY - 2008/9/30/pubmed PY - 2008/10/25/medline PY - 2008/9/30/entrez SP - 982 EP - 9 JF - Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges JO - Acad Med VL - 83 IS - 10 N2 - PURPOSE: Practicing physicians underutilize U.S. Department of Health and Human Services evidence-based approaches to nicotine addiction and treatment. Few studies have assessed medical student knowledge in this area. This study examined New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment of nicotine addiction. METHOD: The authors conducted a Web-based survey, comprising 27 closed- and open-ended questions, of six of seven New York City medical schools in the spring of 2004. They drew questions from international, national, and local surveys on tobacco and health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services tobacco treatment guidelines, and prior studies. Primary outcome measures were knowledge of the epidemiology of smoking, benefits of cessation and treatment of nicotine addiction, clinical cessation practices, and students' use of tobacco and intentions to stop smoking. RESULTS: Of 943 fourth-year medical students, 469 (50%) completed an online survey. Students had good knowledge of the epidemiology of smoking, including its prevalence and health effects, with most responding correctly to relevant questions (mean correct response 79%; SD = 9.4). Students demonstrated a fair understanding of the benefits of cessation (mean correct response, 67%; SD = 19.2) and treatment of nicotine addiction (mean correct response, 61%; SD = 13.2). Three hundred students (64%) rated their own preparation to assist patients to quit as less than adequate. CONCLUSIONS: Fourth-year medical students at the participating schools in New York City understood the harms of smoking but needed more information on the benefits of stopping smoking and treatment of nicotine addiction. SN - 1938-808X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18820533/Do_medical_students_know_enough_about_smoking_to_help_their_future_patients_Assessment_of_New_York_City_fourth_year_medical_students'_knowledge_of_tobacco_cessation_and_treatment_for_nicotine_addiction_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181850b68 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -