Exonucleolysis is required for nuclear mRNA quality control in yeast THO mutants.RNA. 2008 Nov; 14(11):2305-13.RNA
Production of aberrant messenger ribonucleoprotein particles (mRNPs) is subject to quality control (QC). In yeast strains carrying mutations of the THO complex, transcription induction triggers a number of interconnected QC phenotypes: (1) rapid degradation of several mRNAs; (2) retention of a fraction of THO-dependent mRNAs in transcription site-associated foci; and (3) formation of a high molecular weight DNA/protein complex in the 3'-ends of THO target genes. Here, we demonstrate that the 3'-5' exonucleolytic domain of the nuclear exosome factor Rrp6p is necessary for establishing all QC phenotypes associated with THO mutations. The N terminus of Rrp6p is also important presumably through its binding to the Rrp6p co-factor Rrp47p. Interestingly, the 3'-5' exonucleolytic activity of Dis3p, the only other active exonuclease of the nuclear exosome, can also contribute to RNA QC in THO mutants, while other nuclear 3'-5' exonucleases cannot. Our data show that exonucleolytic attack by the nuclear exosome is needed both for provoking mRNP QC and for its ensuing elimination of faulty RNA.