Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Nut consumption and risk of hypertension in US male physicians.
Clin Nutr 2009; 28(1):10-4CN

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS

Hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and dietary factors may play an important role in its prevention. We sought to examine the association between nut consumption and incident hypertension.

METHODS

Prospective cohort of 15,966 participants from the Physicians' Health Study I who were free of hypertension at baseline. Nut consumption was assessed using a simple abbreviated food questionnaire and hypertension was self-reported. We used Cox regression to estimate relative risks of hypertension according to nut consumption.

RESULTS

During 237,585 person-years of follow up, 8,423 new cases of hypertension occurred. Compared to subjects who did not consume nuts, multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) for hypertension were 0.97 (0.91-1.03), 0.98 (0.92-1.05), 0.96 (0.89-1.03), and 0.82 (0.71-0.94) for nut consumption of 1-2 times per month and 1, 2-6, and > or = 7 times/week, respectively. In a secondary analysis stratified by body mass index, there was an inverse relation between nut intake and hypertension in lean subjects (p for trend 0.0019) but not in overweight or obese subjects (p for interaction 0.0037).

CONCLUSION

Our data suggest that nut consumption is associated with a lower risk of hypertension in US male physicians and that such relation may be influenced by adiposity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Aging, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02120, USA. ldjousse@rics.bwh.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18834651

Citation

Djoussé, Luc, et al. "Nut Consumption and Risk of Hypertension in US Male Physicians." Clinical Nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), vol. 28, no. 1, 2009, pp. 10-4.
Djoussé L, Rudich T, Gaziano JM. Nut consumption and risk of hypertension in US male physicians. Clin Nutr. 2009;28(1):10-4.
Djoussé, L., Rudich, T., & Gaziano, J. M. (2009). Nut consumption and risk of hypertension in US male physicians. Clinical Nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 28(1), pp. 10-4. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2008.08.005.
Djoussé L, Rudich T, Gaziano JM. Nut Consumption and Risk of Hypertension in US Male Physicians. Clin Nutr. 2009;28(1):10-4. PubMed PMID: 18834651.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nut consumption and risk of hypertension in US male physicians. AU - Djoussé,Luc, AU - Rudich,Tamara, AU - Gaziano,J Michael, Y1 - 2008/10/02/ PY - 2008/06/10/received PY - 2008/07/22/revised PY - 2008/08/15/accepted PY - 2008/10/7/pubmed PY - 2009/5/27/medline PY - 2008/10/7/entrez SP - 10 EP - 4 JF - Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) JO - Clin Nutr VL - 28 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and dietary factors may play an important role in its prevention. We sought to examine the association between nut consumption and incident hypertension. METHODS: Prospective cohort of 15,966 participants from the Physicians' Health Study I who were free of hypertension at baseline. Nut consumption was assessed using a simple abbreviated food questionnaire and hypertension was self-reported. We used Cox regression to estimate relative risks of hypertension according to nut consumption. RESULTS: During 237,585 person-years of follow up, 8,423 new cases of hypertension occurred. Compared to subjects who did not consume nuts, multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) for hypertension were 0.97 (0.91-1.03), 0.98 (0.92-1.05), 0.96 (0.89-1.03), and 0.82 (0.71-0.94) for nut consumption of 1-2 times per month and 1, 2-6, and > or = 7 times/week, respectively. In a secondary analysis stratified by body mass index, there was an inverse relation between nut intake and hypertension in lean subjects (p for trend 0.0019) but not in overweight or obese subjects (p for interaction 0.0037). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that nut consumption is associated with a lower risk of hypertension in US male physicians and that such relation may be influenced by adiposity. SN - 1532-1983 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18834651/Nut_consumption_and_risk_of_hypertension_in_US_male_physicians_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0261-5614(08)00152-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -