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An experience sampling study of emotional reactions to music: listener, music, and situation.
Emotion. 2008 Oct; 8(5):668-83.E

Abstract

The Experience Sampling Method was used to explore emotions to music as they naturally occurred in everyday life, with a focus on the prevalence of different musical emotions and how such emotions are related to various factors in the listener, the music, and the situation. Thirty-two college students, 20 to 31 years old, carried a palmtop that emitted a sound signal seven times per day at random intervals for 2 weeks. When signaled, participants were required to complete a questionnaire on the palmtop. Results showed that music occurred in 37% of the episodes, and in 64% of the music episodes, the participants reported that the music affected how they felt. Comparisons showed that happiness-elation and nostalgia-longing were more frequent in episodes with musical emotions, whereas anger-irritation, boredom-indifference, and anxiety-fear were more frequent in episodes with nonmusical emotions. The prevalence of specific musical emotions correlated with personality measures and also varied depending on the situation (e.g., current activity, other people present), thus highlighting the need to use representative samples of situations to obtain valid estimates of prevalence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. patrik.juslin@psyk.uu.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18837617

Citation

Juslin, Patrik N., et al. "An Experience Sampling Study of Emotional Reactions to Music: Listener, Music, and Situation." Emotion (Washington, D.C.), vol. 8, no. 5, 2008, pp. 668-83.
Juslin PN, Liljeström S, Västfjäll D, et al. An experience sampling study of emotional reactions to music: listener, music, and situation. Emotion. 2008;8(5):668-83.
Juslin, P. N., Liljeström, S., Västfjäll, D., Barradas, G., & Silva, A. (2008). An experience sampling study of emotional reactions to music: listener, music, and situation. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 8(5), 668-83. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013505
Juslin PN, et al. An Experience Sampling Study of Emotional Reactions to Music: Listener, Music, and Situation. Emotion. 2008;8(5):668-83. PubMed PMID: 18837617.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An experience sampling study of emotional reactions to music: listener, music, and situation. AU - Juslin,Patrik N, AU - Liljeström,Simon, AU - Västfjäll,Daniel, AU - Barradas,Gonçalo, AU - Silva,Ana, PY - 2008/10/8/pubmed PY - 2009/1/13/medline PY - 2008/10/8/entrez SP - 668 EP - 83 JF - Emotion (Washington, D.C.) JO - Emotion VL - 8 IS - 5 N2 - The Experience Sampling Method was used to explore emotions to music as they naturally occurred in everyday life, with a focus on the prevalence of different musical emotions and how such emotions are related to various factors in the listener, the music, and the situation. Thirty-two college students, 20 to 31 years old, carried a palmtop that emitted a sound signal seven times per day at random intervals for 2 weeks. When signaled, participants were required to complete a questionnaire on the palmtop. Results showed that music occurred in 37% of the episodes, and in 64% of the music episodes, the participants reported that the music affected how they felt. Comparisons showed that happiness-elation and nostalgia-longing were more frequent in episodes with musical emotions, whereas anger-irritation, boredom-indifference, and anxiety-fear were more frequent in episodes with nonmusical emotions. The prevalence of specific musical emotions correlated with personality measures and also varied depending on the situation (e.g., current activity, other people present), thus highlighting the need to use representative samples of situations to obtain valid estimates of prevalence. SN - 1528-3542 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18837617/An_experience_sampling_study_of_emotional_reactions_to_music:_listener_music_and_situation_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/emo/8/5/668 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -