Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Time-dependent association between metabolic syndrome and risk of CKD in Korean men without hypertension or diabetes.
Am J Kidney Dis. 2009 Jan; 53(1):59-69.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The time-dependent association between metabolic syndrome and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not clear.

STUDY DESIGN

Prospective cohort study.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS

The study cohort was composed of 10,685 healthy men without CKD, hypertension, or diabetes who participated in a health-checkup program at a large work site.

PREDICTOR

Metabolic syndrome.

OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS

CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). A standard Cox proportional hazards model and a time-dependent Cox model were used to calculate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) in the CKD model.

RESULTS

During 40,616.8 person-years of follow-up, 291 incident cases of CKD developed; 787 patients (7.4%) had metabolic syndrome at baseline and 1,444 (14.4%) developed incident metabolic syndrome during follow-up. After adjustment for age, baseline GFR, gamma-glutamyltransferase level, and uric acid level, metabolic syndrome at baseline was associated with a significantly increased risk of CKD (HR, 1.99; 95% confidence interval, 1.46 to 2.73). Metabolic syndrome over time as a time-dependent variable also predicted the development of CKD (HR, 1.83; [corrected] 95% confidence interval, 1.34 to 2.49) [corrected] The relationship between metabolic syndrome and incident CKD remained significant, even after further adjustment for the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level, current smoking, alcohol consumption, or regular exercise. In addition, there were graded relationships between number of metabolic syndrome traits or quintile of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance over time as a time-dependent variable and risk of CKD. Both increased triglyceride and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels among metabolic syndrome traits were associated with significantly increased risk of CKD. These results were effectively unchanged, even after additional adjustment for incident hypertension and incident diabetes.

LIMITATIONS

Estimated GFR was used instead of a directly measured GFR to define CKD.

CONCLUSION

Metabolic syndrome is an independent risk factor for the development of CKD in Korean men without hypertension or diabetes, even with changes in status of metabolic syndrome over time.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Occupational Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, 108 Pyung dong, Jongro-Gu, Seoul, Korea. sh703.yoo@samsung.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18838200

Citation

Ryu, Seungho, et al. "Time-dependent Association Between Metabolic Syndrome and Risk of CKD in Korean Men Without Hypertension or Diabetes." American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation, vol. 53, no. 1, 2009, pp. 59-69.
Ryu S, Chang Y, Woo HY, et al. Time-dependent association between metabolic syndrome and risk of CKD in Korean men without hypertension or diabetes. Am J Kidney Dis. 2009;53(1):59-69.
Ryu, S., Chang, Y., Woo, H. Y., Lee, K. B., Kim, S. G., Kim, D. I., Kim, W. S., Suh, B. S., Jeong, C., & Yoon, K. (2009). Time-dependent association between metabolic syndrome and risk of CKD in Korean men without hypertension or diabetes. American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation, 53(1), 59-69. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2008.07.027
Ryu S, et al. Time-dependent Association Between Metabolic Syndrome and Risk of CKD in Korean Men Without Hypertension or Diabetes. Am J Kidney Dis. 2009;53(1):59-69. PubMed PMID: 18838200.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Time-dependent association between metabolic syndrome and risk of CKD in Korean men without hypertension or diabetes. AU - Ryu,Seungho, AU - Chang,Yoosoo, AU - Woo,Hee-Yeon, AU - Lee,Kyu-Beck, AU - Kim,Soo-Geun, AU - Kim,Dong-Il, AU - Kim,Won Sool, AU - Suh,Byung-Seong, AU - Jeong,Chul, AU - Yoon,Kijung, Y1 - 2008/10/05/ PY - 2008/02/01/received PY - 2008/07/15/accepted PY - 2008/10/8/pubmed PY - 2009/1/9/medline PY - 2008/10/8/entrez SP - 59 EP - 69 JF - American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation JO - Am. J. Kidney Dis. VL - 53 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The time-dependent association between metabolic syndrome and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not clear. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: The study cohort was composed of 10,685 healthy men without CKD, hypertension, or diabetes who participated in a health-checkup program at a large work site. PREDICTOR: Metabolic syndrome. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). A standard Cox proportional hazards model and a time-dependent Cox model were used to calculate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) in the CKD model. RESULTS: During 40,616.8 person-years of follow-up, 291 incident cases of CKD developed; 787 patients (7.4%) had metabolic syndrome at baseline and 1,444 (14.4%) developed incident metabolic syndrome during follow-up. After adjustment for age, baseline GFR, gamma-glutamyltransferase level, and uric acid level, metabolic syndrome at baseline was associated with a significantly increased risk of CKD (HR, 1.99; 95% confidence interval, 1.46 to 2.73). Metabolic syndrome over time as a time-dependent variable also predicted the development of CKD (HR, 1.83; [corrected] 95% confidence interval, 1.34 to 2.49) [corrected] The relationship between metabolic syndrome and incident CKD remained significant, even after further adjustment for the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level, current smoking, alcohol consumption, or regular exercise. In addition, there were graded relationships between number of metabolic syndrome traits or quintile of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance over time as a time-dependent variable and risk of CKD. Both increased triglyceride and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels among metabolic syndrome traits were associated with significantly increased risk of CKD. These results were effectively unchanged, even after additional adjustment for incident hypertension and incident diabetes. LIMITATIONS: Estimated GFR was used instead of a directly measured GFR to define CKD. CONCLUSION: Metabolic syndrome is an independent risk factor for the development of CKD in Korean men without hypertension or diabetes, even with changes in status of metabolic syndrome over time. SN - 1523-6838 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18838200/Time_dependent_association_between_metabolic_syndrome_and_risk_of_CKD_in_Korean_men_without_hypertension_or_diabetes_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0272-6386(08)01224-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -