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Temperament profiles in personality disorders among a young adult population.
Nord J Psychiatry. 2008; 62(6):423-30.NJ

Abstract

The objective of this study was to describe the temperament dimension profiles assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) among young adults with the DSM-III-R personality disorder (PD). Our hypothesis was that PD clusters and separate PDs can be distinguished from one another by their specific temperament profiles. As a part of the 31-year follow-up survey of the prospective Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort, the cohort members living in the city of Oulu at the age of 31 years (n=1609) were invited to participate in a two-phase field study. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R for PDs (SCID-II) was used as diagnostic instrument. The final study sample consisted of the 1311 subjects who had completed the Hopkins Symptom Check List-25 questionnaire for screening and had given a written informed consent. Of the 321 SCID interviewed subjects, 74 met the criteria for at least one PD and had completed the TCI. The mean TCI scores of subjects with PD and control subjects without PD (n=910) were compared. Low Novelty Seeking, high Harm Avoidance and low Reward Dependence characterized cluster A and C PDs. Subjects with a cluster B PD did not differ from controls, except for Novelty Seeking, which was high. The temperament dimensions could not distinguish different PDs very well, with the only exception of persons with obsessive-compulsive PD. PD clusters were associated with different profiles of temperament, lending some support for Cloninger's typology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland. liisa.kantojarvi@oulu.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18839387

Citation

Kantojärvi, Liisa, et al. "Temperament Profiles in Personality Disorders Among a Young Adult Population." Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 62, no. 6, 2008, pp. 423-30.
Kantojärvi L, Miettunen J, Veijola J, et al. Temperament profiles in personality disorders among a young adult population. Nord J Psychiatry. 2008;62(6):423-30.
Kantojärvi, L., Miettunen, J., Veijola, J., Läksy, K., Karvonen, J. T., Ekelund, J., Järvelin, M. R., Lichtermann, D., & Joukamaa, M. (2008). Temperament profiles in personality disorders among a young adult population. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 62(6), 423-30. https://doi.org/10.1080/08039480801959224
Kantojärvi L, et al. Temperament Profiles in Personality Disorders Among a Young Adult Population. Nord J Psychiatry. 2008;62(6):423-30. PubMed PMID: 18839387.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Temperament profiles in personality disorders among a young adult population. AU - Kantojärvi,Liisa, AU - Miettunen,Jouko, AU - Veijola,Juha, AU - Läksy,Kristian, AU - Karvonen,Juha T, AU - Ekelund,Jesper, AU - Järvelin,Marjo-Riitta, AU - Lichtermann,Dirk, AU - Joukamaa,Matti, PY - 2008/10/8/pubmed PY - 2009/3/12/medline PY - 2008/10/8/entrez SP - 423 EP - 30 JF - Nordic journal of psychiatry JO - Nord J Psychiatry VL - 62 IS - 6 N2 - The objective of this study was to describe the temperament dimension profiles assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) among young adults with the DSM-III-R personality disorder (PD). Our hypothesis was that PD clusters and separate PDs can be distinguished from one another by their specific temperament profiles. As a part of the 31-year follow-up survey of the prospective Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort, the cohort members living in the city of Oulu at the age of 31 years (n=1609) were invited to participate in a two-phase field study. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R for PDs (SCID-II) was used as diagnostic instrument. The final study sample consisted of the 1311 subjects who had completed the Hopkins Symptom Check List-25 questionnaire for screening and had given a written informed consent. Of the 321 SCID interviewed subjects, 74 met the criteria for at least one PD and had completed the TCI. The mean TCI scores of subjects with PD and control subjects without PD (n=910) were compared. Low Novelty Seeking, high Harm Avoidance and low Reward Dependence characterized cluster A and C PDs. Subjects with a cluster B PD did not differ from controls, except for Novelty Seeking, which was high. The temperament dimensions could not distinguish different PDs very well, with the only exception of persons with obsessive-compulsive PD. PD clusters were associated with different profiles of temperament, lending some support for Cloninger's typology. SN - 1502-4725 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18839387/Temperament_profiles_in_personality_disorders_among_a_young_adult_population_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039480801959224 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -