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The acute effects of dynamic and ballistic stretching on vertical jump height, force, and power.
J Strength Cond Res. 2008 Nov; 22(6):1844-9.JS

Abstract

Stretching before performance is a common practice among athletes in hopes of increasing performance and reducing the risk of injury. However, cumulative results indicate a negative impact of static stretching and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on performance; thus, there is a need for evaluating other stretching strategies for effective warm-up. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences between two sets of ballistic stretching and two sets of a dynamic stretching routine on vertical jump performance. Twenty healthy male and female college students between the ages of 22 and 34 (24.8 +/- 3 years) volunteered to participate in this study. All subjects completed three individual testing sessions on three nonconsecutive days. On each day, the subjects completed one of three treatments (no stretch, ballistic stretch, and dynamic stretch). Intraclass reliability was determined using the data obtained from each subject. A paired samples t-test revealed no significant difference in jump height, force, or power when comparing no stretch with ballistic stretch. A significant difference was found on jump power when comparing no stretch with dynamic stretch, but no significant difference was found for jump height or force. Statistics showed a very high reliability when measuring jump height, force, and power using the Kistler Quattro Jump force plate. It seems that neither dynamic stretching nor ballistic stretching will result in an increase in vertical jump height or force. However, dynamic stretching elicited gains in jump power poststretch.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA. jaggersj@mailbox.sc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18841078

Citation

Jaggers, Jason R., et al. "The Acute Effects of Dynamic and Ballistic Stretching On Vertical Jump Height, Force, and Power." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 22, no. 6, 2008, pp. 1844-9.
Jaggers JR, Swank AM, Frost KL, et al. The acute effects of dynamic and ballistic stretching on vertical jump height, force, and power. J Strength Cond Res. 2008;22(6):1844-9.
Jaggers, J. R., Swank, A. M., Frost, K. L., & Lee, C. D. (2008). The acute effects of dynamic and ballistic stretching on vertical jump height, force, and power. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(6), 1844-9. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181854a3d
Jaggers JR, et al. The Acute Effects of Dynamic and Ballistic Stretching On Vertical Jump Height, Force, and Power. J Strength Cond Res. 2008;22(6):1844-9. PubMed PMID: 18841078.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The acute effects of dynamic and ballistic stretching on vertical jump height, force, and power. AU - Jaggers,Jason R, AU - Swank,Ann M, AU - Frost,Karen L, AU - Lee,Chong D, PY - 2008/10/9/pubmed PY - 2009/3/13/medline PY - 2008/10/9/entrez SP - 1844 EP - 9 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 22 IS - 6 N2 - Stretching before performance is a common practice among athletes in hopes of increasing performance and reducing the risk of injury. However, cumulative results indicate a negative impact of static stretching and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on performance; thus, there is a need for evaluating other stretching strategies for effective warm-up. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences between two sets of ballistic stretching and two sets of a dynamic stretching routine on vertical jump performance. Twenty healthy male and female college students between the ages of 22 and 34 (24.8 +/- 3 years) volunteered to participate in this study. All subjects completed three individual testing sessions on three nonconsecutive days. On each day, the subjects completed one of three treatments (no stretch, ballistic stretch, and dynamic stretch). Intraclass reliability was determined using the data obtained from each subject. A paired samples t-test revealed no significant difference in jump height, force, or power when comparing no stretch with ballistic stretch. A significant difference was found on jump power when comparing no stretch with dynamic stretch, but no significant difference was found for jump height or force. Statistics showed a very high reliability when measuring jump height, force, and power using the Kistler Quattro Jump force plate. It seems that neither dynamic stretching nor ballistic stretching will result in an increase in vertical jump height or force. However, dynamic stretching elicited gains in jump power poststretch. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18841078/The_acute_effects_of_dynamic_and_ballistic_stretching_on_vertical_jump_height_force_and_power_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=18841078.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -