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Cultured milk, yogurt, and dairy intake in relation to bladder cancer risk in a prospective study of Swedish women and men.
Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 88(4):1083-7AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Findings from epidemiologic studies of the effect of dairy foods (mainly milk) on the risk of bladder cancer have been inconsistent.

OBJECTIVE

We aimed to examine the association between the intake of cultured milk and other dairy foods and the incidence of bladder cancer in a prospective, population-based cohort.

DESIGN

We prospectively followed 82,002 Swedish women and men who were cancer-free and who completed a 96-item food-frequency questionnaire in 1997. Incident cases of bladder cancer were identified in the Swedish cancer registries.

RESULTS

During a mean follow-up of 9.4 y, 485 participants (76 women and 409 men) were diagnosed with bladder cancer. Total dairy intake was not significantly associated with risk of bladder cancer [> or =7.0 servings/d compared with < 3.5 servings/d: multivariate rate ratio (RR) = 0.87; 95% CI: 0.66, 1.15; P for trend = 0.33]. However, a statistically significant inverse association was observed for the intake of cultured milk (sour milk and yogurt). The multivariate RRs for the highest category of cultured milk intake (> or =2 servings/d) compared with the lowest category (0 serving/d) were 0.62 (95% CI: 0.46, 0.85; P for trend = 0.006) in women and men combined, 0.55 (95% CI: 0.25, 1.22; P for trend = 0.06) in women, and 0.64 (95% CI: 0.46, 0.89; P for trend = 0.03) in men. The intake of milk or cheese was not associated with bladder cancer risk.

CONCLUSION

These findings suggest that a high intake of cultured milk may lower the risk of developing bladder cancer.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. susanna.larsson@ki.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18842797

Citation

Larsson, Susanna C., et al. "Cultured Milk, Yogurt, and Dairy Intake in Relation to Bladder Cancer Risk in a Prospective Study of Swedish Women and Men." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 88, no. 4, 2008, pp. 1083-7.
Larsson SC, Andersson SO, Johansson JE, et al. Cultured milk, yogurt, and dairy intake in relation to bladder cancer risk in a prospective study of Swedish women and men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;88(4):1083-7.
Larsson, S. C., Andersson, S. O., Johansson, J. E., & Wolk, A. (2008). Cultured milk, yogurt, and dairy intake in relation to bladder cancer risk in a prospective study of Swedish women and men. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 88(4), pp. 1083-7.
Larsson SC, et al. Cultured Milk, Yogurt, and Dairy Intake in Relation to Bladder Cancer Risk in a Prospective Study of Swedish Women and Men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;88(4):1083-7. PubMed PMID: 18842797.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cultured milk, yogurt, and dairy intake in relation to bladder cancer risk in a prospective study of Swedish women and men. AU - Larsson,Susanna C, AU - Andersson,Swen-Olof, AU - Johansson,Jan-Erik, AU - Wolk,Alicja, PY - 2008/10/10/pubmed PY - 2008/11/5/medline PY - 2008/10/10/entrez SP - 1083 EP - 7 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 88 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Findings from epidemiologic studies of the effect of dairy foods (mainly milk) on the risk of bladder cancer have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the association between the intake of cultured milk and other dairy foods and the incidence of bladder cancer in a prospective, population-based cohort. DESIGN: We prospectively followed 82,002 Swedish women and men who were cancer-free and who completed a 96-item food-frequency questionnaire in 1997. Incident cases of bladder cancer were identified in the Swedish cancer registries. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 9.4 y, 485 participants (76 women and 409 men) were diagnosed with bladder cancer. Total dairy intake was not significantly associated with risk of bladder cancer [> or =7.0 servings/d compared with < 3.5 servings/d: multivariate rate ratio (RR) = 0.87; 95% CI: 0.66, 1.15; P for trend = 0.33]. However, a statistically significant inverse association was observed for the intake of cultured milk (sour milk and yogurt). The multivariate RRs for the highest category of cultured milk intake (> or =2 servings/d) compared with the lowest category (0 serving/d) were 0.62 (95% CI: 0.46, 0.85; P for trend = 0.006) in women and men combined, 0.55 (95% CI: 0.25, 1.22; P for trend = 0.06) in women, and 0.64 (95% CI: 0.46, 0.89; P for trend = 0.03) in men. The intake of milk or cheese was not associated with bladder cancer risk. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that a high intake of cultured milk may lower the risk of developing bladder cancer. SN - 1938-3207 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18842797/Cultured_milk_yogurt_and_dairy_intake_in_relation_to_bladder_cancer_risk_in_a_prospective_study_of_Swedish_women_and_men_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/88.4.1083 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -