IgE-induced degranulation of mucosal mast cells is negatively regulated via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Dec 05; 377(1):321-5.BB
The autonomic nervous system is known to mediate mast cell activation. We investigated expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in mucosal-type mast cells and their contribution to the regulation of mast cell activation. Expression of mRNA of nAChR alpha4, alpha7, and beta2 subunits were detected in specially differentiated mucosal-type murine bone marrow-derived mast cells (mBMMCs). Pretreatment with non-specific nAChRs agonists, acetylcholine, nicotine and epibatidine and a specific alpha7 subunit agonist GTS-21 significantly inhibited antigen-induced degranulation of mBMMCs in a dose-dependent manner and GTS-21-induced inhibition was significantly blocked by alpha7 subunit antagonist, alpha-bungarotoxin. Furthermore, confocal microscopy also demonstrated surface binding of alpha-bungarotoxin on mBMMCs. Our findings indicate that mucosal mast cell activation may be negatively regulated mainly through nAChR alpha7 subunit, suggesting that nAChRs are involved in neuronal-mucosal mast cell interactions.