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Effect of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training on arterial stiffness: a randomised controlled trial in women aged 32-59 years.
Br J Sports Med. 2009 Aug; 43(8):615-8.BJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Resistance training has been increasingly incorporated into the overall exercise programme because of its effect on muscle strength, functional capacity and osteoporosis. High-intensity resistance training increases arterial stiffness. However, the effect of moderate-intensity resistance training on arterial stiffness is unknown.

OBJECTIVE

To determine whether 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training increases arterial stiffness in middle-aged women.

METHODS

35 middle-aged women (age range 32 to 59 years) volunteered to participate. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: resistance training (RT) group, aerobic exercise training (AET) group or control group. The RT and AET groups performed 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training or aerobic exercise training (two days/week).

RESULTS

In the RT group, one-repetition maximum strength significantly increased after the intervention. Interestingly, aortic (carotid-femoral) pulse wave velocity (PWV; an index of arterial stiffness), and peripheral (femoral-ankle) PWV did not change with moderate-intensity resistance training. In contrast, in the AET group, carotid-femoral PWV significantly decreased after the intervention. Resistance training and aerobic exercise training did not affect blood pressure.

CONCLUSIONS

This study found that moderate-intensity resistance training did not increase arterial stiffness in middle-aged women, which may have great importance for health promotion with resistance training.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Sports Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Tsukuba, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18927168

Citation

Yoshizawa, M, et al. "Effect of 12 Weeks of Moderate-intensity Resistance Training On Arterial Stiffness: a Randomised Controlled Trial in Women Aged 32-59 Years." British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 43, no. 8, 2009, pp. 615-8.
Yoshizawa M, Maeda S, Miyaki A, et al. Effect of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training on arterial stiffness: a randomised controlled trial in women aged 32-59 years. Br J Sports Med. 2009;43(8):615-8.
Yoshizawa, M., Maeda, S., Miyaki, A., Misono, M., Saito, Y., Tanabe, K., Kuno, S., & Ajisaka, R. (2009). Effect of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training on arterial stiffness: a randomised controlled trial in women aged 32-59 years. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(8), 615-8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.052126
Yoshizawa M, et al. Effect of 12 Weeks of Moderate-intensity Resistance Training On Arterial Stiffness: a Randomised Controlled Trial in Women Aged 32-59 Years. Br J Sports Med. 2009;43(8):615-8. PubMed PMID: 18927168.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training on arterial stiffness: a randomised controlled trial in women aged 32-59 years. AU - Yoshizawa,M, AU - Maeda,S, AU - Miyaki,A, AU - Misono,M, AU - Saito,Y, AU - Tanabe,K, AU - Kuno,S, AU - Ajisaka,R, Y1 - 2008/10/16/ PY - 2008/10/18/pubmed PY - 2010/11/3/medline PY - 2008/10/18/entrez SP - 615 EP - 8 JF - British journal of sports medicine JO - Br J Sports Med VL - 43 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Resistance training has been increasingly incorporated into the overall exercise programme because of its effect on muscle strength, functional capacity and osteoporosis. High-intensity resistance training increases arterial stiffness. However, the effect of moderate-intensity resistance training on arterial stiffness is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training increases arterial stiffness in middle-aged women. METHODS: 35 middle-aged women (age range 32 to 59 years) volunteered to participate. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: resistance training (RT) group, aerobic exercise training (AET) group or control group. The RT and AET groups performed 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training or aerobic exercise training (two days/week). RESULTS: In the RT group, one-repetition maximum strength significantly increased after the intervention. Interestingly, aortic (carotid-femoral) pulse wave velocity (PWV; an index of arterial stiffness), and peripheral (femoral-ankle) PWV did not change with moderate-intensity resistance training. In contrast, in the AET group, carotid-femoral PWV significantly decreased after the intervention. Resistance training and aerobic exercise training did not affect blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that moderate-intensity resistance training did not increase arterial stiffness in middle-aged women, which may have great importance for health promotion with resistance training. SN - 1473-0480 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18927168/Effect_of_12_weeks_of_moderate_intensity_resistance_training_on_arterial_stiffness:_a_randomised_controlled_trial_in_women_aged_32_59_years_ L2 - https://bjsm.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18927168 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -