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Self-esteem in a clinical sample of morbidly obese children and adolescents.
Acta Paediatr. 2009 Jan; 98(1):153-8.AP

Abstract

AIM

To study self-esteem in clinical sample of obese children and adolescents.

METHODS

Obese children and adolescents aged 8-19 years (n = 107, mean age 13.2 years, mean BMI 32.5 [range 22.3-50.6], mean BMI z-score 3.22 [range 2.19-4.79]; 50 boys and 57 girls) were referred for treatment of primary obesity. Self-esteem was measured with a validated psychological test with five subscales: physical characteristics, talents and skills, psychological well-being, relations with the family and relations with others. A linear mixed effect model used the factors gender and adolescence group, and the continuous covariates: BMI z-scores, and BMI for the parents as fixed effects and subjects as random effects.

RESULTS

Age and gender, but neither the child's BMI z-score nor the BMI of the parents were significant covariates. Self-esteem decreased (p < 0.01) with age on the global scale as well as on the subscales, and was below the normal level in higher ages in both genders. Girls had significantly lower self-esteem on the global scale (p = 0.04) and on the two subscales physical characteristics (p < 0.01) and psychological well-being (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION

Self-esteem is lower in girls and decreases with age. In treatment settings special attention should be paid to adolescent girls.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Childhood Obesity Unit, University Hospital Malmö, Malmö, Sweden. paulina.nowicka@skane.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18945279

Citation

Nowicka, P, et al. "Self-esteem in a Clinical Sample of Morbidly Obese Children and Adolescents." Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), vol. 98, no. 1, 2009, pp. 153-8.
Nowicka P, Höglund P, Birgerstam P, et al. Self-esteem in a clinical sample of morbidly obese children and adolescents. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(1):153-8.
Nowicka, P., Höglund, P., Birgerstam, P., Lissau, I., Pietrobelli, A., & Flodmark, C. E. (2009). Self-esteem in a clinical sample of morbidly obese children and adolescents. Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), 98(1), 153-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.01061.x
Nowicka P, et al. Self-esteem in a Clinical Sample of Morbidly Obese Children and Adolescents. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(1):153-8. PubMed PMID: 18945279.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-esteem in a clinical sample of morbidly obese children and adolescents. AU - Nowicka,P, AU - Höglund,P, AU - Birgerstam,P, AU - Lissau,I, AU - Pietrobelli,A, AU - Flodmark,C-E, Y1 - 2008/10/06/ PY - 2008/10/24/entrez PY - 2008/10/24/pubmed PY - 2009/4/3/medline SP - 153 EP - 8 JF - Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) JO - Acta Paediatr VL - 98 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: To study self-esteem in clinical sample of obese children and adolescents. METHODS: Obese children and adolescents aged 8-19 years (n = 107, mean age 13.2 years, mean BMI 32.5 [range 22.3-50.6], mean BMI z-score 3.22 [range 2.19-4.79]; 50 boys and 57 girls) were referred for treatment of primary obesity. Self-esteem was measured with a validated psychological test with five subscales: physical characteristics, talents and skills, psychological well-being, relations with the family and relations with others. A linear mixed effect model used the factors gender and adolescence group, and the continuous covariates: BMI z-scores, and BMI for the parents as fixed effects and subjects as random effects. RESULTS: Age and gender, but neither the child's BMI z-score nor the BMI of the parents were significant covariates. Self-esteem decreased (p < 0.01) with age on the global scale as well as on the subscales, and was below the normal level in higher ages in both genders. Girls had significantly lower self-esteem on the global scale (p = 0.04) and on the two subscales physical characteristics (p < 0.01) and psychological well-being (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Self-esteem is lower in girls and decreases with age. In treatment settings special attention should be paid to adolescent girls. SN - 1651-2227 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18945279/Self_esteem_in_a_clinical_sample_of_morbidly_obese_children_and_adolescents_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.01061.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -