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[Liver diseases in pregnancy].
Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2008 Oct; 133(44):2283-7.DM

Abstract

Abnormal liver function tests occur in 3 - 5% of pregnancies for different reasons. Apart from pre-existing liver diseases liver diseases occurring during pregnancy, such as gall stones or viral hepatitis, most liver dysfunctions in pregnancy are caused by one of the five pregnancy-related liver diseases. The five known pregnancy-related liver diseases can be classified in two main categories depending on their association with or without preeclampsia. The preeclampsia-associated liver diseases are the preeclampsia itself, the HELLP-syndrome ("Hemolysis" (H), "Elevated Liver Tests" (EL), "Low Platelet Count" (LP)) and the acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Hyperemesis gravidarum and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy are not associated with preeclampsia. Hyperemesis gravidarum is characterised by intractable vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy. 50% of patients with this condition have liver dysfunction. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy presents with pruritus and elevated bile acids in the second half of pregnancy. Patients have often mild jaundice and highly elevated liver enzymes. Treatment of choice is ursodeoxycholic acid to relieve the mother's symptoms. With this condition mainly the fetus is at risk. Severe preeclampsia is the most common cause of liver dysfunction in pregnancy, and is in some cases further complicated by HELLP syndrome. The prompt delivery of the baby is the only definitive therapy. However, many life-threatening maternal complications like liver hematoma or rupture and abruptio placentae can occur. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy is also a severe illness occuring mostly in the third trimester; microvesicular fat deposition in the liver can cause liver failure with coagulopathy and encephalopathy. Only the immediate delivery of the fetus can save mother and child.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Abteilung Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinik Freiburg. elissabeth.panther@uniklinik-freiburg.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

ger

PubMed ID

18946855

Citation

Panther, E, and H E. Blum. "[Liver Diseases in Pregnancy]." Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), vol. 133, no. 44, 2008, pp. 2283-7.
Panther E, Blum HE. [Liver diseases in pregnancy]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2008;133(44):2283-7.
Panther, E., & Blum, H. E. (2008). [Liver diseases in pregnancy]. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), 133(44), 2283-7. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1091273
Panther E, Blum HE. [Liver Diseases in Pregnancy]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2008;133(44):2283-7. PubMed PMID: 18946855.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Liver diseases in pregnancy]. AU - Panther,E, AU - Blum,H E, Y1 - 2008/10/22/ PY - 2008/10/24/pubmed PY - 2008/10/31/medline PY - 2008/10/24/entrez SP - 2283 EP - 7 JF - Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946) JO - Dtsch Med Wochenschr VL - 133 IS - 44 N2 - Abnormal liver function tests occur in 3 - 5% of pregnancies for different reasons. Apart from pre-existing liver diseases liver diseases occurring during pregnancy, such as gall stones or viral hepatitis, most liver dysfunctions in pregnancy are caused by one of the five pregnancy-related liver diseases. The five known pregnancy-related liver diseases can be classified in two main categories depending on their association with or without preeclampsia. The preeclampsia-associated liver diseases are the preeclampsia itself, the HELLP-syndrome ("Hemolysis" (H), "Elevated Liver Tests" (EL), "Low Platelet Count" (LP)) and the acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Hyperemesis gravidarum and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy are not associated with preeclampsia. Hyperemesis gravidarum is characterised by intractable vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy. 50% of patients with this condition have liver dysfunction. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy presents with pruritus and elevated bile acids in the second half of pregnancy. Patients have often mild jaundice and highly elevated liver enzymes. Treatment of choice is ursodeoxycholic acid to relieve the mother's symptoms. With this condition mainly the fetus is at risk. Severe preeclampsia is the most common cause of liver dysfunction in pregnancy, and is in some cases further complicated by HELLP syndrome. The prompt delivery of the baby is the only definitive therapy. However, many life-threatening maternal complications like liver hematoma or rupture and abruptio placentae can occur. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy is also a severe illness occuring mostly in the third trimester; microvesicular fat deposition in the liver can cause liver failure with coagulopathy and encephalopathy. Only the immediate delivery of the fetus can save mother and child. SN - 1439-4413 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18946855/[Liver_diseases_in_pregnancy]_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0028-1091273 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -