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Divergent effects of anandamide transporter inhibitors with different target selectivity on social play behavior in adolescent rats.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2009; 328(1):343-50JP

Abstract

The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in the modulation of affect, motivation, and emotion. Social play behavior is a natural reinforcer in adolescent rats, and we have recently shown that interacting endocannabinoid, opioid, and dopamine systems modulate social play. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that, in contrast to administration of exogenous cannabinoid agonists, increasing local endocannabinoid signaling through anandamide transporter inhibition enhances social play. To this aim, we tested the effects of two anandamide transporter inhibitors with different target selectivity on social play behavior in adolescent rats. Interestingly, we found that the prototypical anandamide transporter inhibitor N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-arachidonamide (AM404) reduced social play, whereas its more selective analog N-arachidonoyl-(2-methyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)amine (VDM11) enhanced it. The effects of AM404 were not mediated through its known pharmacological targets, since they were not blocked by the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor antagonist N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide hydrochloride (SR141716A), the CB(2) cannabinoid receptor antagonist N-(1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-yl)-5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide (SR144528), or by the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 receptor antagonist capsazepine. In contrast, the increase in social play induced by VDM11 was dependent on cannabinoid, opioid, and dopaminergic neurotransmission, since it was blocked by the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR141716A, the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone, and the dopamine receptor antagonist alpha-flupenthixol. These findings support the notion that anandamide plays an important role in the modulation of social interaction in adolescent rats, and they suggest that selective anandamide transporter inhibitors might be useful for the treatment of social dysfunctions. Furthermore, these results suggest that off-target effects may be responsible for some of the conflicting effects of anandamide transporter inhibitors on behavior.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Universiteitsweg 100, 3584 CG Utrecht, The Netherlands.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18948500

Citation

Trezza, Viviana, and Louk J M J. Vanderschuren. "Divergent Effects of Anandamide Transporter Inhibitors With Different Target Selectivity On Social Play Behavior in Adolescent Rats." The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 328, no. 1, 2009, pp. 343-50.
Trezza V, Vanderschuren LJ. Divergent effects of anandamide transporter inhibitors with different target selectivity on social play behavior in adolescent rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2009;328(1):343-50.
Trezza, V., & Vanderschuren, L. J. (2009). Divergent effects of anandamide transporter inhibitors with different target selectivity on social play behavior in adolescent rats. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 328(1), pp. 343-50. doi:10.1124/jpet.108.141069.
Trezza V, Vanderschuren LJ. Divergent Effects of Anandamide Transporter Inhibitors With Different Target Selectivity On Social Play Behavior in Adolescent Rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2009;328(1):343-50. PubMed PMID: 18948500.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Divergent effects of anandamide transporter inhibitors with different target selectivity on social play behavior in adolescent rats. AU - Trezza,Viviana, AU - Vanderschuren,Louk J M J, Y1 - 2008/10/23/ PY - 2008/10/25/pubmed PY - 2009/2/4/medline PY - 2008/10/25/entrez SP - 343 EP - 50 JF - The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics JO - J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. VL - 328 IS - 1 N2 - The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in the modulation of affect, motivation, and emotion. Social play behavior is a natural reinforcer in adolescent rats, and we have recently shown that interacting endocannabinoid, opioid, and dopamine systems modulate social play. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that, in contrast to administration of exogenous cannabinoid agonists, increasing local endocannabinoid signaling through anandamide transporter inhibition enhances social play. To this aim, we tested the effects of two anandamide transporter inhibitors with different target selectivity on social play behavior in adolescent rats. Interestingly, we found that the prototypical anandamide transporter inhibitor N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-arachidonamide (AM404) reduced social play, whereas its more selective analog N-arachidonoyl-(2-methyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)amine (VDM11) enhanced it. The effects of AM404 were not mediated through its known pharmacological targets, since they were not blocked by the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor antagonist N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide hydrochloride (SR141716A), the CB(2) cannabinoid receptor antagonist N-(1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-yl)-5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide (SR144528), or by the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 receptor antagonist capsazepine. In contrast, the increase in social play induced by VDM11 was dependent on cannabinoid, opioid, and dopaminergic neurotransmission, since it was blocked by the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR141716A, the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone, and the dopamine receptor antagonist alpha-flupenthixol. These findings support the notion that anandamide plays an important role in the modulation of social interaction in adolescent rats, and they suggest that selective anandamide transporter inhibitors might be useful for the treatment of social dysfunctions. Furthermore, these results suggest that off-target effects may be responsible for some of the conflicting effects of anandamide transporter inhibitors on behavior. SN - 1521-0103 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18948500/Divergent_effects_of_anandamide_transporter_inhibitors_with_different_target_selectivity_on_social_play_behavior_in_adolescent_rats_ L2 - http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18948500 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -