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Nutritional and functional properties of dates: a review.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2008 Nov; 48(10):877-87.CR

Abstract

This review article provides information on the nutritional and functional constituents of dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.) and their seeds from over 80 references. Date flesh is found to be low in fat and protein but rich in sugars, mainly fructose and glucose. It is a high source of energy, as 100 g of flesh can provide an average of 314 kcal. Ten minerals were reported, the major being selenium, copper, potassium, and magnesium. The consumption of 100 g of dates can provide over 15% of the recommended daily allowance from these minerals. Vitamins B-complex and C are the major vitamins in dates. High in dietary fiber (8.0 g/100 g), insoluble dietary fiber was the major fraction of dietary fiber in dates. Dates are a good source of antioxidants, mainly carotenoids and phenolics. Date seeds contain higher protein (5.1 g/100 g) and fat (9.0 g/100 g) as compared to the flesh. It is also high in dietary fiber (73.1 g/100 g), phenolics (3942 mg/100 g) and antioxidants (80400 micromol/100 g). This detailed information on nutritional and health promoting components of dates and their seeds will enhance our knowledge and appreciation for the use of dates in our daily diet and their seeds as a functional food ingredient.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food Science and Technology, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18949591

Citation

Al-Farsi, Mohamed Ali, and Chang Yong Lee. "Nutritional and Functional Properties of Dates: a Review." Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, vol. 48, no. 10, 2008, pp. 877-87.
Al-Farsi MA, Lee CY. Nutritional and functional properties of dates: a review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2008;48(10):877-87.
Al-Farsi, M. A., & Lee, C. Y. (2008). Nutritional and functional properties of dates: a review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 48(10), 877-87. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408390701724264
Al-Farsi MA, Lee CY. Nutritional and Functional Properties of Dates: a Review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2008;48(10):877-87. PubMed PMID: 18949591.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional and functional properties of dates: a review. AU - Al-Farsi,Mohamed Ali, AU - Lee,Chang Yong, PY - 2008/10/25/pubmed PY - 2009/1/13/medline PY - 2008/10/25/entrez SP - 877 EP - 87 JF - Critical reviews in food science and nutrition JO - Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr VL - 48 IS - 10 N2 - This review article provides information on the nutritional and functional constituents of dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.) and their seeds from over 80 references. Date flesh is found to be low in fat and protein but rich in sugars, mainly fructose and glucose. It is a high source of energy, as 100 g of flesh can provide an average of 314 kcal. Ten minerals were reported, the major being selenium, copper, potassium, and magnesium. The consumption of 100 g of dates can provide over 15% of the recommended daily allowance from these minerals. Vitamins B-complex and C are the major vitamins in dates. High in dietary fiber (8.0 g/100 g), insoluble dietary fiber was the major fraction of dietary fiber in dates. Dates are a good source of antioxidants, mainly carotenoids and phenolics. Date seeds contain higher protein (5.1 g/100 g) and fat (9.0 g/100 g) as compared to the flesh. It is also high in dietary fiber (73.1 g/100 g), phenolics (3942 mg/100 g) and antioxidants (80400 micromol/100 g). This detailed information on nutritional and health promoting components of dates and their seeds will enhance our knowledge and appreciation for the use of dates in our daily diet and their seeds as a functional food ingredient. SN - 1549-7852 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18949591/Nutritional_and_functional_properties_of_dates:_a_review_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10408390701724264 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -