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Decrease in heart rate variability response to task is related to anxiety and depressiveness in normal subjects.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2008; 62(5):603-9PC

Abstract

AIMS

Previous studies have shown that heart rate variability (HRV) measurement is useful in investigating the pathophysiology of various psychiatric disorders. The present study further examined its usefulness in evaluating the mental health of normal subjects with respect to anxiety and depressiveness.

METHODS

Heart rate (HR) and HRV were measured tonometrically at the wrist in 43 normal subjects not only in the resting condition but also during a task (random number generation) to assess the responsiveness. For HRV measurement, high-frequency (HF; 0.15-0.4 Hz) and low-frequency (LF; 0.04-0.15 Hz) components of HRV were obtained using MemCalc, a time series analysis technique that combines a non-linear least square method with maximum entropy method. For psychological evaluation of anxiety and depressiveness, two self-report questionnaires were used: State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS).

RESULTS

No significant relation was observed between HR and HRV indices, and the psychological scores both in the resting and task conditions. By task application, HF decreased, and LF/HF and HR increased, and significant correlation with psychological scores was found in the responsiveness to task measured by the ratio of HRV and HR indices during the task to that at rest (task/rest ratio). A positive relationship was found between task/rest ratio for HF, and STAI and SDS scores. Task/rest ratio of HR was negatively correlated with STAI-state score.

CONCLUSION

Decreased HRV response to task application is related to anxiety and depressiveness. Decreased autonomic responsiveness could serve as a sign of psychological dysfunction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Stress Disorders Research Team, Tokyo Institute of Psychiatry, Metropolitan Ohtsuka Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. shinba@prit.go.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18950382

Citation

Shinba, Toshikazu, et al. "Decrease in Heart Rate Variability Response to Task Is Related to Anxiety and Depressiveness in Normal Subjects." Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 62, no. 5, 2008, pp. 603-9.
Shinba T, Kariya N, Matsui Y, et al. Decrease in heart rate variability response to task is related to anxiety and depressiveness in normal subjects. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2008;62(5):603-9.
Shinba, T., Kariya, N., Matsui, Y., Ozawa, N., Matsuda, Y., & Yamamoto, K. (2008). Decrease in heart rate variability response to task is related to anxiety and depressiveness in normal subjects. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62(5), pp. 603-9. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1819.2008.01855.x.
Shinba T, et al. Decrease in Heart Rate Variability Response to Task Is Related to Anxiety and Depressiveness in Normal Subjects. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2008;62(5):603-9. PubMed PMID: 18950382.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Decrease in heart rate variability response to task is related to anxiety and depressiveness in normal subjects. AU - Shinba,Toshikazu, AU - Kariya,Nobutoshi, AU - Matsui,Yasue, AU - Ozawa,Nobuyuki, AU - Matsuda,Yoshiki, AU - Yamamoto,Ken-Ichi, PY - 2008/10/28/pubmed PY - 2009/2/28/medline PY - 2008/10/28/entrez SP - 603 EP - 9 JF - Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences JO - Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. VL - 62 IS - 5 N2 - AIMS: Previous studies have shown that heart rate variability (HRV) measurement is useful in investigating the pathophysiology of various psychiatric disorders. The present study further examined its usefulness in evaluating the mental health of normal subjects with respect to anxiety and depressiveness. METHODS: Heart rate (HR) and HRV were measured tonometrically at the wrist in 43 normal subjects not only in the resting condition but also during a task (random number generation) to assess the responsiveness. For HRV measurement, high-frequency (HF; 0.15-0.4 Hz) and low-frequency (LF; 0.04-0.15 Hz) components of HRV were obtained using MemCalc, a time series analysis technique that combines a non-linear least square method with maximum entropy method. For psychological evaluation of anxiety and depressiveness, two self-report questionnaires were used: State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). RESULTS: No significant relation was observed between HR and HRV indices, and the psychological scores both in the resting and task conditions. By task application, HF decreased, and LF/HF and HR increased, and significant correlation with psychological scores was found in the responsiveness to task measured by the ratio of HRV and HR indices during the task to that at rest (task/rest ratio). A positive relationship was found between task/rest ratio for HF, and STAI and SDS scores. Task/rest ratio of HR was negatively correlated with STAI-state score. CONCLUSION: Decreased HRV response to task application is related to anxiety and depressiveness. Decreased autonomic responsiveness could serve as a sign of psychological dysfunction. SN - 1440-1819 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18950382/Decrease_in_heart_rate_variability_response_to_task_is_related_to_anxiety_and_depressiveness_in_normal_subjects_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2008.01855.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -