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[Psychological and health sequelae of childhood sexual, physical and psychological abuse].
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2008 Oct; 56(5):333-44.RE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The co-occurrence of child victimization experiences is not a rare phenomenon. However, few studies have explored the long-term consequences of such experiences. Empirical studies present important methodological limitations, namely the fact that few studies have documented more than two forms of victimization, that they rely on non representative samples and have not used multivariate analyses. The present study aims to evaluate the specific contribution of each form of child victimization (sexual, physical and psychological) on the outcomes in adulthood. Moreover, the study explores the role of co-occurrence on these symptoms.

METHODS

A phone survey was conducted with a representative sample of 804 adults from the province of Quebec. Households were randomly selected among those having a telephone. Sociodemographic variables, child victimization experiences (sexual, physical and psychological) and partner violence were evaluated to explore their links with psychological distress, post-traumatic stress symptoms and physical health of participants.

RESULTS

Higher psychological distress in men is associated with younger age, lower education level and having experienced sexual and physical violence in childhood. For women, psychological distress is linked to younger age, having experienced partner violence, childhood physical and psychological violence. Only experiencing partner violence and childhood sexual and psychological victimization are linked to greater post-traumatic stress symptoms in men and women. Finally, lower education level and childhood sexual and physical victimization increase physical health problems for men, while for women, only lower education level contributes to the prediction.

CONCLUSION

The results of this study show that experiencing more than one form of childhood victimization increases the negative outcomes in adulthood, underlying the relevance of considering the phenomenon of co-occurring victimization in the elaboration and dissemination of intervention programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Département de psycho-éducation, université de Sherbrooke, 2500, boulevard de l'Université Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec J1K 2R1, Canada. Eve-Marie.Bouchard@USherbrooke.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

18951739

Citation

Bouchard, E-M, et al. "[Psychological and Health Sequelae of Childhood Sexual, Physical and Psychological Abuse]." Revue D'epidemiologie Et De Sante Publique, vol. 56, no. 5, 2008, pp. 333-44.
Bouchard EM, Tourigny M, Joly J, et al. [Psychological and health sequelae of childhood sexual, physical and psychological abuse]. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2008;56(5):333-44.
Bouchard, E. M., Tourigny, M., Joly, J., Hébert, M., & Cyr, M. (2008). [Psychological and health sequelae of childhood sexual, physical and psychological abuse]. Revue D'epidemiologie Et De Sante Publique, 56(5), 333-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respe.2008.06.260
Bouchard EM, et al. [Psychological and Health Sequelae of Childhood Sexual, Physical and Psychological Abuse]. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2008;56(5):333-44. PubMed PMID: 18951739.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Psychological and health sequelae of childhood sexual, physical and psychological abuse]. AU - Bouchard,E-M, AU - Tourigny,M, AU - Joly,J, AU - Hébert,M, AU - Cyr,M, Y1 - 2008/10/31/ PY - 2007/10/15/received PY - 2008/06/02/revised PY - 2008/06/20/accepted PY - 2008/10/28/pubmed PY - 2009/2/3/medline PY - 2008/10/28/entrez SP - 333 EP - 44 JF - Revue d'epidemiologie et de sante publique JO - Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique VL - 56 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of child victimization experiences is not a rare phenomenon. However, few studies have explored the long-term consequences of such experiences. Empirical studies present important methodological limitations, namely the fact that few studies have documented more than two forms of victimization, that they rely on non representative samples and have not used multivariate analyses. The present study aims to evaluate the specific contribution of each form of child victimization (sexual, physical and psychological) on the outcomes in adulthood. Moreover, the study explores the role of co-occurrence on these symptoms. METHODS: A phone survey was conducted with a representative sample of 804 adults from the province of Quebec. Households were randomly selected among those having a telephone. Sociodemographic variables, child victimization experiences (sexual, physical and psychological) and partner violence were evaluated to explore their links with psychological distress, post-traumatic stress symptoms and physical health of participants. RESULTS: Higher psychological distress in men is associated with younger age, lower education level and having experienced sexual and physical violence in childhood. For women, psychological distress is linked to younger age, having experienced partner violence, childhood physical and psychological violence. Only experiencing partner violence and childhood sexual and psychological victimization are linked to greater post-traumatic stress symptoms in men and women. Finally, lower education level and childhood sexual and physical victimization increase physical health problems for men, while for women, only lower education level contributes to the prediction. CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that experiencing more than one form of childhood victimization increases the negative outcomes in adulthood, underlying the relevance of considering the phenomenon of co-occurring victimization in the elaboration and dissemination of intervention programs. SN - 0398-7620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18951739/[Psychological_and_health_sequelae_of_childhood_sexual_physical_and_psychological_abuse]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0398-7620(08)00813-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -