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Contribution of dietary supplements to nutrient adequacy among children in Hawaii.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Nov; 108(11):1874-80.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To quantify the use of dietary supplements over a 24-hour and 1-month time frame, to determine the contribution of dietary supplements to the prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy in the population, and to identify factors associated with supplement use, including characteristics of caregivers.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Children aged 8 to 11 years from four primarily Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities on Oahu (n=115) and the island of Hawaii (n=70).

METHODS

A 24-hour food recall and a dietary supplement record were collected and analyzed for each child. Demographic and supplement use data were collected for each caregiver.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Significant differences between supplement users and nonusers were determined by chi(2) analysis. Prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy with and without intake from dietary supplements was calculated using PC-Side software (version 1.02, 2001, Department of Statistics and Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University, Ames).

RESULTS

Use of any dietary supplement by children in the previous day and month was 26% (n=48) and 40% (n=74), respectively. Prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy from foods alone ranged from 33% to 100%, and increased to 59% to 100% when the nutrient contribution from dietary supplements was included. The largest increases in nutrient adequacy were for vitamins A, E, and C. Use of dietary supplements was most strongly associated with use of dietary supplements by caregivers, as well as with younger age of child, and greater years of caregiver education.

CONCLUSIONS

Dietary supplements are being used by a large percentage of these children in Hawaii and use is associated with use by their caregivers. The nutrient contribution from dietary supplements increased the prevalence of nutrient adequacy for several nutrients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

USDA Food Surveys Research Group, 10300 Baltimore Ave, Bldg 005, BARC-West, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350, USA. Carrie.Martin@ars.usda.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18954577

Citation

Martin, Carrie L., et al. "Contribution of Dietary Supplements to Nutrient Adequacy Among Children in Hawaii." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 108, no. 11, 2008, pp. 1874-80.
Martin CL, Murphy SP, Novotny R. Contribution of dietary supplements to nutrient adequacy among children in Hawaii. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(11):1874-80.
Martin, C. L., Murphy, S. P., & Novotny, R. (2008). Contribution of dietary supplements to nutrient adequacy among children in Hawaii. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 108(11), 1874-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.08.013
Martin CL, Murphy SP, Novotny R. Contribution of Dietary Supplements to Nutrient Adequacy Among Children in Hawaii. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(11):1874-80. PubMed PMID: 18954577.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Contribution of dietary supplements to nutrient adequacy among children in Hawaii. AU - Martin,Carrie L, AU - Murphy,Suzanne P, AU - Novotny,Rachel, PY - 2007/12/21/received PY - 2008/04/11/accepted PY - 2008/10/29/pubmed PY - 2008/12/17/medline PY - 2008/10/29/entrez SP - 1874 EP - 80 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 108 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To quantify the use of dietary supplements over a 24-hour and 1-month time frame, to determine the contribution of dietary supplements to the prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy in the population, and to identify factors associated with supplement use, including characteristics of caregivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Children aged 8 to 11 years from four primarily Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities on Oahu (n=115) and the island of Hawaii (n=70). METHODS: A 24-hour food recall and a dietary supplement record were collected and analyzed for each child. Demographic and supplement use data were collected for each caregiver. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Significant differences between supplement users and nonusers were determined by chi(2) analysis. Prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy with and without intake from dietary supplements was calculated using PC-Side software (version 1.02, 2001, Department of Statistics and Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University, Ames). RESULTS: Use of any dietary supplement by children in the previous day and month was 26% (n=48) and 40% (n=74), respectively. Prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy from foods alone ranged from 33% to 100%, and increased to 59% to 100% when the nutrient contribution from dietary supplements was included. The largest increases in nutrient adequacy were for vitamins A, E, and C. Use of dietary supplements was most strongly associated with use of dietary supplements by caregivers, as well as with younger age of child, and greater years of caregiver education. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary supplements are being used by a large percentage of these children in Hawaii and use is associated with use by their caregivers. The nutrient contribution from dietary supplements increased the prevalence of nutrient adequacy for several nutrients. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18954577/Contribution_of_dietary_supplements_to_nutrient_adequacy_among_children_in_Hawaii_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(08)01560-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -