Influence of sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics on breastfeeding duration of mothers attending breastfeeding support groups.J Perinat Med 2009; 37(2):185-92JP
Duration of breastfeeding, socio-demographic and psychosocial characteristics of the mothers attending breastfeeding support groups were investigated.
All examined mothers were cared for according to the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) of the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF. The investigated group of mothers attended a breastfeeding support group (BSG) led by a community nurse and women experienced in breastfeeding without additional training. Data on breastfeeding duration were collected retrospectively by self-reported questionnaire.
Of 980 eligible, 393 mothers were included to the study: 210 attended BSG, while 183 did not. The following differences between the two groups were found: time when the decision to breastfeed was made, smoking during lactation and social support while breastfeeding. More mothers in the investigated group continued breastfeeding at least six months postnatal (83.8% vs. 48.1%, P<0.001), with exclusive breastfeeding until the age of three months (56% vs. 23.5%, P<0.001). After logistic regression analysis, the following factors were found to be positively associated with the duration of breastfeeding for at least six months: time when the decision to breastfeed was made, intended duration of breastfeeding and household income. Maternal smoking during pregnancy affected duration of breastfeeding inversely.
Characteristics which positively influenced the duration of breastfeeding are the time when the decision to breastfeed was made, intended duration of breastfeeding, household income, and smoking during pregnancy. Mothers who attended BSG more often continued breastfeeding for at least six months if they decided to breastfeed after birth, intended to breastfeed for longer than six months, had higher monthly household income and did not smoke during pregnancy.