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Anthocyanin composition of wild bananas in Thailand.
J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Nov 26; 56(22):10853-7.JA

Abstract

Anthocyanins were isolated from male bracts of 10 wild species of bananas (Musa spp. and Ensete spp.) distributed in Thailand. Six major anthocyanin pigments were identified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), mass spectrometry (MS), and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). They are delphinidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 611.2), cyanidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 595.8), petunidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 624.9), pelargonidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 579.4), peonidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 608.7), and malvidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 638.8). On the basis of the types of pigment present, the wild bananas can be divided into 5 groups. The first group comprises M. itinerans, Musa sp. one, Musa sp. two, and M. acuminata accessions, which contain almost or all anthocyanin pigments except for pelargonidin-3-rutinoside, including both nonmethylated and methylated anthocyanins. The second group, M. acuminata subsp. truncata, contains only malvidin-3-rutinoside while the third group, M. coccinea, contains cyanidin-3-rutinoside and pelargonidin-3-rutinoside. The forth group, M. acuminata yellow bract and E. glaucum do not appear to contain any anthocyanin pigment. The fifth group consists of M. balbisiana, M. velutina, M. laterita, and E. superbum which contain only nonmethylated anthocyanin, delphinidin-3-rutinoside, and cyanidin-3-rutinoside. Total anthocyanin content in the analyzed bracts ranged from 0-119.70 mg/100 g bract fresh weight. The differences in the type of anthocyanin and variation in the amounts present indicate that wild bananas show biochemical diversity, which may be useful for identifying specific groups of bananas or for clarifying the evolution of flavonoid metabolism in each banana group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry, Mahidol University, Rajthevi, Bangkok, Thailand.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18959407

Citation

Kitdamrongsont, Kasipong, et al. "Anthocyanin Composition of Wild Bananas in Thailand." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 56, no. 22, 2008, pp. 10853-7.
Kitdamrongsont K, Pothavorn P, Swangpol S, et al. Anthocyanin composition of wild bananas in Thailand. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56(22):10853-7.
Kitdamrongsont, K., Pothavorn, P., Swangpol, S., Wongniam, S., Atawongsa, K., Svasti, J., & Somana, J. (2008). Anthocyanin composition of wild bananas in Thailand. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56(22), 10853-7. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf8018529
Kitdamrongsont K, et al. Anthocyanin Composition of Wild Bananas in Thailand. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Nov 26;56(22):10853-7. PubMed PMID: 18959407.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anthocyanin composition of wild bananas in Thailand. AU - Kitdamrongsont,Kasipong, AU - Pothavorn,Pongsagon, AU - Swangpol,Sasivimon, AU - Wongniam,Siripope, AU - Atawongsa,Kanokporn, AU - Svasti,Jisnuson, AU - Somana,Jamorn, PY - 2008/10/31/pubmed PY - 2009/4/4/medline PY - 2008/10/31/entrez SP - 10853 EP - 7 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 56 IS - 22 N2 - Anthocyanins were isolated from male bracts of 10 wild species of bananas (Musa spp. and Ensete spp.) distributed in Thailand. Six major anthocyanin pigments were identified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), mass spectrometry (MS), and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). They are delphinidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 611.2), cyanidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 595.8), petunidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 624.9), pelargonidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 579.4), peonidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 608.7), and malvidin-3-rutinoside (m/z 638.8). On the basis of the types of pigment present, the wild bananas can be divided into 5 groups. The first group comprises M. itinerans, Musa sp. one, Musa sp. two, and M. acuminata accessions, which contain almost or all anthocyanin pigments except for pelargonidin-3-rutinoside, including both nonmethylated and methylated anthocyanins. The second group, M. acuminata subsp. truncata, contains only malvidin-3-rutinoside while the third group, M. coccinea, contains cyanidin-3-rutinoside and pelargonidin-3-rutinoside. The forth group, M. acuminata yellow bract and E. glaucum do not appear to contain any anthocyanin pigment. The fifth group consists of M. balbisiana, M. velutina, M. laterita, and E. superbum which contain only nonmethylated anthocyanin, delphinidin-3-rutinoside, and cyanidin-3-rutinoside. Total anthocyanin content in the analyzed bracts ranged from 0-119.70 mg/100 g bract fresh weight. The differences in the type of anthocyanin and variation in the amounts present indicate that wild bananas show biochemical diversity, which may be useful for identifying specific groups of bananas or for clarifying the evolution of flavonoid metabolism in each banana group. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18959407/Anthocyanin_composition_of_wild_bananas_in_Thailand_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -