Expression analysis of the molluscan p53 protein family mRNA in mussels (Mytilus spp.) exposed to organic contaminants.Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2009 Apr; 149(3):414-8.CB
In this study, we report the tissue expression analysis of the p53 protein family mRNA in mussels (Mytilus spp.) by means of quantitative RT-PCR. The tissue specific response was evaluated after 24 h exposure to a sublethal benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) concentration (75 nM), showing a 2.6 fold induction in digestive gland cells and a dramatic gene down regulation in circulating hemocytes. The comet assay and DNA gel diffusion tests showed significant effects in hemocytes and negligible differences in the digestive gland nuclei, implicating p53 in DNA damage of molluscan hemocytes. Finally, the kinetics of p53 protein family mRNA expression in the digestive gland of animals exposed to B[a]P and crude oil (0.5 ppm) showed partially overlapping trends, characterised by a common down regulation after 1 week exposure. These data should be carefully considered in view of the biological effects of organic pollutants and particularly following spills.