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[House dust mites at Icelandic farms].
Laeknabladid. 2008 Nov; 94(11):723-7.L

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Sensitization to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (D. pteronyssinus) occurs in 9% of the Reykjavik population, despite the fact that no Der p 1 antigen has been found in the area. A recent study revealed that sensitized persons more often had a childhood history of work or holiday stay in rural areas than controls. As a follow up we studied the risk of exposure to mites in farmland dwellings.

METHODS

In a survey of work-related lung disorders among farmers in the south and west of Iceland, 80 samples of house dust, representing 42 farms, were collected from bedroom mattresses and the floors in living rooms and examined for mites. Treatment of samples was identical with the method used earlier in the Reykjavik investigation (ECRHS II).

RESULTS

In contrast to the Reykjavik results, dust from farm dwellings showed a large diversity of mites. Seventeen taxons were found, with Acarus siro and D. pteronyssinus in 13 and 8 farms respectively, but the samples did not show signs that any of the taxons actually had lived or reproduced where they were collected.

CONCLUSION

The finding of D. pteronyssinus in farmland dwellings provides a possible explanation of why some Reykjavik citizens might have developed sensitization to this mite, even though cross sensitization to other species of mites could give a false positive reaction to D. pteronyssinus in at least some of those cases. Our observations did not support the idea that the mites were living in the dwellings and an explanation for their occurrence must be sought in the outdoor environment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Lungna-, ofnaemis- og svefndeild Landspítala, Reykjavík. ggudmund@landspitali.isNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

ice

PubMed ID

18974433

Citation

Gudmundsson, Gunnar, et al. "[House Dust Mites at Icelandic Farms]." Laeknabladid, vol. 94, no. 11, 2008, pp. 723-7.
Gudmundsson G, Sigurdarson ST, Tómasson K, et al. [House dust mites at Icelandic farms]. Laeknabladid. 2008;94(11):723-7.
Gudmundsson, G., Sigurdarson, S. T., Tómasson, K., Gíslason, D., & Hallas, T. (2008). [House dust mites at Icelandic farms]. Laeknabladid, 94(11), 723-7.
Gudmundsson G, et al. [House Dust Mites at Icelandic Farms]. Laeknabladid. 2008;94(11):723-7. PubMed PMID: 18974433.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [House dust mites at Icelandic farms]. AU - Gudmundsson,Gunnar, AU - Sigurdarson,Sigurdur Thór, AU - Tómasson,Kristinn, AU - Gíslason,Davíd, AU - Hallas,Thorkill, PY - 2008/11/1/pubmed PY - 2008/12/17/medline PY - 2008/11/1/entrez SP - 723 EP - 7 JF - Laeknabladid JO - Laeknabladid VL - 94 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Sensitization to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (D. pteronyssinus) occurs in 9% of the Reykjavik population, despite the fact that no Der p 1 antigen has been found in the area. A recent study revealed that sensitized persons more often had a childhood history of work or holiday stay in rural areas than controls. As a follow up we studied the risk of exposure to mites in farmland dwellings. METHODS: In a survey of work-related lung disorders among farmers in the south and west of Iceland, 80 samples of house dust, representing 42 farms, were collected from bedroom mattresses and the floors in living rooms and examined for mites. Treatment of samples was identical with the method used earlier in the Reykjavik investigation (ECRHS II). RESULTS: In contrast to the Reykjavik results, dust from farm dwellings showed a large diversity of mites. Seventeen taxons were found, with Acarus siro and D. pteronyssinus in 13 and 8 farms respectively, but the samples did not show signs that any of the taxons actually had lived or reproduced where they were collected. CONCLUSION: The finding of D. pteronyssinus in farmland dwellings provides a possible explanation of why some Reykjavik citizens might have developed sensitization to this mite, even though cross sensitization to other species of mites could give a false positive reaction to D. pteronyssinus in at least some of those cases. Our observations did not support the idea that the mites were living in the dwellings and an explanation for their occurrence must be sought in the outdoor environment. SN - 0023-7213 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18974433/[House_dust_mites_at_Icelandic_farms]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/allergy.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -