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Gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms and body mass index: no relation among the Iranian population.

Abstract

An association between obesity and symptoms of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been frequently reported in western societies. A recent study indicated a consistent association between abdominal diameter and reflux-type symptoms in the white population, but no consistent association in the black population or Asians. It is unclear whether an association persists after adjusting for known risk factors of GERD among Asian populations. We did a population-based, cross-sectional interview study to estimate the strength of association between body mass and symptoms of reflux. During interviews, participants completed a valid gastro-esophageal reflux questionnaire. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI), calculated by logistic regression with multivariate adjustments for covariates, were the measures of association. Symptoms of reflux at least once a week over the past 3 months were reported by 522 (9.1%) of the 5733 interviewees. Among those who were overweight or obese (BMI> 25 kg/m2), the OR of having symptoms of reflux was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.66-1.16) compared with those who were not overweight or obese. Thus, among Asians, symptoms of GERD occur independently of body mass index.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Research Center For Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Taleghani Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. solhpourali@yahoo.com

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Source

MeSH

Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Body Mass Index
Case-Control Studies
Child
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Gastroesophageal Reflux
Humans
Iran
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Obesity
Odds Ratio
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Surveys and Questionnaires
Young Adult

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18974465

Citation

Solhpour, Ali, et al. "Gastro-esophageal Reflux Symptoms and Body Mass Index: No Relation Among the Iranian Population." Indian Journal of Gastroenterology : Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology, vol. 27, no. 4, 2008, pp. 153-5.
Solhpour A, Pourhoseingholi MA, Soltani F, et al. Gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms and body mass index: no relation among the Iranian population. Indian J Gastroenterol. 2008;27(4):153-5.
Solhpour, A., Pourhoseingholi, M. A., Soltani, F., Zarghi, A., Habibi, M., Ghafarnejad, F., ... Zali, M. R. (2008). Gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms and body mass index: no relation among the Iranian population. Indian Journal of Gastroenterology : Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology, 27(4), pp. 153-5.
Solhpour A, et al. Gastro-esophageal Reflux Symptoms and Body Mass Index: No Relation Among the Iranian Population. Indian J Gastroenterol. 2008;27(4):153-5. PubMed PMID: 18974465.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms and body mass index: no relation among the Iranian population. AU - Solhpour,Ali, AU - Pourhoseingholi,Mohamad Amin, AU - Soltani,Fereshteh, AU - Zarghi,Afsaneh, AU - Habibi,Manijeh, AU - Ghafarnejad,Fatemeh, AU - Tajik,Zohreh, AU - Rostaminejad,Mohammad, AU - Ramezankhani,Ali, AU - Zali,Mohammad Reza, PY - 2008/11/1/pubmed PY - 2009/2/12/medline PY - 2008/11/1/entrez SP - 153 EP - 5 JF - Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology JO - Indian J Gastroenterol VL - 27 IS - 4 N2 - An association between obesity and symptoms of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been frequently reported in western societies. A recent study indicated a consistent association between abdominal diameter and reflux-type symptoms in the white population, but no consistent association in the black population or Asians. It is unclear whether an association persists after adjusting for known risk factors of GERD among Asian populations. We did a population-based, cross-sectional interview study to estimate the strength of association between body mass and symptoms of reflux. During interviews, participants completed a valid gastro-esophageal reflux questionnaire. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI), calculated by logistic regression with multivariate adjustments for covariates, were the measures of association. Symptoms of reflux at least once a week over the past 3 months were reported by 522 (9.1%) of the 5733 interviewees. Among those who were overweight or obese (BMI> 25 kg/m2), the OR of having symptoms of reflux was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.66-1.16) compared with those who were not overweight or obese. Thus, among Asians, symptoms of GERD occur independently of body mass index. SN - 0254-8860 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18974465/Gastro_esophageal_reflux_symptoms_and_body_mass_index:_no_relation_among_the_Iranian_population_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/gerd.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -