Assessment of the efficacy and tolerability of a fixed dose combination of atorvastatin 10 mg + metformin SR 500 mg in diabetic dyslipidaemia in adult Indian patients.J Indian Med Assoc. 2008 Jul; 106(7):464-7.JI
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with a marked increase in the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) or stroke (by a factor of two to three compared with non-diabetic patients), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for the majority of deaths among patients with diabetes. A new fixed dose combination containing atorvastatin 10 mg + metformin SR 500 mg is being introduced in the Indian market for the treatment of dyslipidaemia in diabetic patients. The present study was therefore undertaken to assess efficacy, safety and tolerability of a fixed dose combination of atorvastatin 10mg + metformin SR 500mg in adult Indian patients with diabetic dyslipidaemia. The final protocol was approved by relevant ethics committee before the initiation of study. Informed consent was obtained from all the patients prior to enrollment in study. The total duration of study was 14 weeks including two weeks dietary run in period. Patients fulfilling the selection criteria received a single oral tablet of fixed dose combination of atorvastatin 10mg + metformin SR 500mg once daily for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy parameters were assessed by evaluating reduction in fasting and postprandial plasma glucose concentration levels at baseline and thereafter at each follow up visit at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks and plasma lipid profile and glycosylated Hb levels at baseline and end of study. The secondary efficacy parameters were assessed by evaluating percentage change from baseline at the end of the study (week 12) in the plasma concentration of the various lipid parameters such as total, HDL-, LDL- and very low density (VLDL)-cholesterol, triglycerides, Apo B, Apo A1, TC/LDL ratio, LDL/ HDL ratio, and percentage of patients achieving LDL-cholesterol goals as per NCEP ATP III guidelines. A total of 213 patients were enrolled in the study. Of these seven patients were lost to follow-up and considered as drop-outs. Therapy with the fixed dose combination of atorvastatin 10 mg + metformin SR 500 mg resulted in a significant reduction in the mean plasma fasting and postprandial glucose levels (35 and 38.8% respectively). There was a steep fall in the HbA1c levels from baseline levels of 8.76% to 6.74% (23.1%). There was also a significant (p < 0.05) reduction in mean total cholesterol (31.2%), LDL cholesterol (35.4%), VLDL-cholesterol (19.6%) and a significant increase HDL-cholesterol (9.5%). Thus there appeared to be trend towards reducing atherosclerosis following therapy with the fixed dose combination of atorvastatin 10 mg + metformin SR 500 mg. Mean body mass index was significantly reduced in the patients in the present study following therapy with the study drugs. The fixed dose combination of atorvastatin with metformin was well tolerated with mostly gastro-intestinal adverse events being reported in the current study. Moreover, most of the adverse events were mild to moderate in intensity and disappeared with continued treatment. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggest that, the fixed dose combination of atorvastatin 10 mg + metformin SR 500 mg is efficacious and well tolerated therapeutic modality in patients with diabetic dyslipidaemia. Furthermore this combination offers dosage convenience to the patient and by virtue of its dual mode of action is a useful addition to the therapeutic armamentarium for patients with diabetic dyslipidaemia.