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The Val432Leu polymorphism of the CYP1B1 gene is associated with differences in estrogen metabolism and bone density.
Bone. 2009 Mar; 44(3):442-8.BONE

Abstract

Polymorphisms of the CYP450 genes that encode for the enzymes that metabolize estrogen are linked to hormone-related cancers. We investigated the impact of two polymorphisms of the CYP1B1 gene previously reported to be associated with hormone-related disorders on estrogen metabolism and bone mineral density (BMD), another hormone-dependent condition, in women from different ethnic backgrounds. Four hundred sixty-eight postmenopausal Caucasian women, 220 from St. Louis, MO, USA (mean age=63.5+/-0.53 years) and 248 from Palermo, Italy (mean age=72.9+/-0.44 years) participated in the study. Measurements of urinary estrogen metabolites by enzyme-linked immunoassay, serum estradiol by ultrasensitive radioimmnunoassay, and serum sex hormone-binding globulin by immunoradiometric assay were performed only in the American women, while BMD by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and genotyping by pyrosequencing were performed in both American and Italian women. Differences in the levels of metabolites, free estradiol index and BMD were analyzed by analysis of covariance. Analysis among the American participants for the Valine432Leucine polymorphism showed that, compared to women with the Val/Val genotype, women with the Leu allele (Val/Leu and Leu/Leu) had significantly higher log-transformed values of total urinary estrogen metabolite (ng/mg-creatinine) levels (1.23+/-0.04, 1.35+/-0.02, and 1.34+/-0.03; p=0.03), and significantly lower BMD (gm/cm(2)) in the lumbar spine (1.009+/-0.02, 0.955+/-0.01 and 0.931+/-0.02; p=0.03) and the femoral neck (0.748+/-0.02, 0.717+/-0.01 and 0.693+/-001, p=0.03) for the Val/Val, Val/Leu and Leu/Leu genotypes respectively. There were no significant differences in the urinary metabolites and BMD in the different genotypes for the Alanine119Serine polymorphism among the American women. Meanwhile, a separate analysis among the Italian women revealed no significant differences in BMD among the different genotypes for the two polymorphisms investigated. In conclusion, women with the Leu allele for the CYP1B1 Val432polymorphism have increased estrogen catabolism, as indicated by higher urinary estrogen metabolites, compared to those with Val/Val genotype. This may lead to relative hypoestrogenism and lower BMD in the lumbar spine and femoral neck in these women. Our data suggest that through its effect on the rate of estrogen catabolism, the Val432Leu polymorphism of the CYP1B1 gene may represent as a possible genetic risk factor for osteoporosis in American women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Bone and Mineral Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine Campus, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18977467

Citation

Napoli, Nicola, et al. "The Val432Leu Polymorphism of the CYP1B1 Gene Is Associated With Differences in Estrogen Metabolism and Bone Density." Bone, vol. 44, no. 3, 2009, pp. 442-8.
Napoli N, Rini GB, Serber D, et al. The Val432Leu polymorphism of the CYP1B1 gene is associated with differences in estrogen metabolism and bone density. Bone. 2009;44(3):442-8.
Napoli, N., Rini, G. B., Serber, D., Giri, T., Yarramaneni, J., Bucchieri, S., Camarda, L., Di Fede, G., Camarda, M. R., Jain, S., Mumm, S., & Armamento-Villareal, R. (2009). The Val432Leu polymorphism of the CYP1B1 gene is associated with differences in estrogen metabolism and bone density. Bone, 44(3), 442-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2008.09.018
Napoli N, et al. The Val432Leu Polymorphism of the CYP1B1 Gene Is Associated With Differences in Estrogen Metabolism and Bone Density. Bone. 2009;44(3):442-8. PubMed PMID: 18977467.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Val432Leu polymorphism of the CYP1B1 gene is associated with differences in estrogen metabolism and bone density. AU - Napoli,Nicola, AU - Rini,Giovam Battista, AU - Serber,Daniel, AU - Giri,Tusar, AU - Yarramaneni,Jayasree, AU - Bucchieri,Salvatore, AU - Camarda,Lawrence, AU - Di Fede,Gaetana, AU - Camarda,Marcello Rosolino, AU - Jain,Sudahansu, AU - Mumm,Steven, AU - Armamento-Villareal,Reina, Y1 - 2008/10/15/ PY - 2008/03/12/received PY - 2008/08/11/revised PY - 2008/09/25/accepted PY - 2008/11/4/pubmed PY - 2009/4/7/medline PY - 2008/11/4/entrez SP - 442 EP - 8 JF - Bone JO - Bone VL - 44 IS - 3 N2 - Polymorphisms of the CYP450 genes that encode for the enzymes that metabolize estrogen are linked to hormone-related cancers. We investigated the impact of two polymorphisms of the CYP1B1 gene previously reported to be associated with hormone-related disorders on estrogen metabolism and bone mineral density (BMD), another hormone-dependent condition, in women from different ethnic backgrounds. Four hundred sixty-eight postmenopausal Caucasian women, 220 from St. Louis, MO, USA (mean age=63.5+/-0.53 years) and 248 from Palermo, Italy (mean age=72.9+/-0.44 years) participated in the study. Measurements of urinary estrogen metabolites by enzyme-linked immunoassay, serum estradiol by ultrasensitive radioimmnunoassay, and serum sex hormone-binding globulin by immunoradiometric assay were performed only in the American women, while BMD by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and genotyping by pyrosequencing were performed in both American and Italian women. Differences in the levels of metabolites, free estradiol index and BMD were analyzed by analysis of covariance. Analysis among the American participants for the Valine432Leucine polymorphism showed that, compared to women with the Val/Val genotype, women with the Leu allele (Val/Leu and Leu/Leu) had significantly higher log-transformed values of total urinary estrogen metabolite (ng/mg-creatinine) levels (1.23+/-0.04, 1.35+/-0.02, and 1.34+/-0.03; p=0.03), and significantly lower BMD (gm/cm(2)) in the lumbar spine (1.009+/-0.02, 0.955+/-0.01 and 0.931+/-0.02; p=0.03) and the femoral neck (0.748+/-0.02, 0.717+/-0.01 and 0.693+/-001, p=0.03) for the Val/Val, Val/Leu and Leu/Leu genotypes respectively. There were no significant differences in the urinary metabolites and BMD in the different genotypes for the Alanine119Serine polymorphism among the American women. Meanwhile, a separate analysis among the Italian women revealed no significant differences in BMD among the different genotypes for the two polymorphisms investigated. In conclusion, women with the Leu allele for the CYP1B1 Val432polymorphism have increased estrogen catabolism, as indicated by higher urinary estrogen metabolites, compared to those with Val/Val genotype. This may lead to relative hypoestrogenism and lower BMD in the lumbar spine and femoral neck in these women. Our data suggest that through its effect on the rate of estrogen catabolism, the Val432Leu polymorphism of the CYP1B1 gene may represent as a possible genetic risk factor for osteoporosis in American women. SN - 1873-2763 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18977467/The_Val432Leu_polymorphism_of_the_CYP1B1_gene_is_associated_with_differences_in_estrogen_metabolism_and_bone_density_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S8756-3282(08)00812-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -