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Self-defining memories in complicated grief.
Behav Res Ther. 2008 Dec; 46(12):1311-5.BR

Abstract

There is increasing attention to the mechanisms underpinning maladaptive responses to bereavement. This study indexed self-defining memories in bereaved individuals with and without complicated grief (CG). Participants with and without complicated grief (N=40) were asked to describe three self-defining memories. Results showed that CG participants provided more self-defining memories involving the deceased. Both groups were equally likely to report their loved one's death as a self-defining moment, however, the no-CG group showed more evidence of benefit finding in their memory narratives and experienced less negative emotion on recall. The findings suggest that CG is associated with distinctive patterns of autobiographical memory that are linked to self-identity. The pattern is consistent with self-memory system models of autobiographical remembering, and suggests that grieving individuals who experience ongoing yearning for their loved one view their self-identity as more closely linked to the deceased are more distressed by memories involving the loss.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18977471

Citation

Maccallum, Fiona, and Richard A. Bryant. "Self-defining Memories in Complicated Grief." Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 46, no. 12, 2008, pp. 1311-5.
Maccallum F, Bryant RA. Self-defining memories in complicated grief. Behav Res Ther. 2008;46(12):1311-5.
Maccallum, F., & Bryant, R. A. (2008). Self-defining memories in complicated grief. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46(12), 1311-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2008.09.003
Maccallum F, Bryant RA. Self-defining Memories in Complicated Grief. Behav Res Ther. 2008;46(12):1311-5. PubMed PMID: 18977471.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-defining memories in complicated grief. AU - Maccallum,Fiona, AU - Bryant,Richard A, Y1 - 2008/09/24/ PY - 2008/05/14/received PY - 2008/09/05/revised PY - 2008/09/12/accepted PY - 2008/11/4/pubmed PY - 2009/10/1/medline PY - 2008/11/4/entrez SP - 1311 EP - 5 JF - Behaviour research and therapy JO - Behav Res Ther VL - 46 IS - 12 N2 - There is increasing attention to the mechanisms underpinning maladaptive responses to bereavement. This study indexed self-defining memories in bereaved individuals with and without complicated grief (CG). Participants with and without complicated grief (N=40) were asked to describe three self-defining memories. Results showed that CG participants provided more self-defining memories involving the deceased. Both groups were equally likely to report their loved one's death as a self-defining moment, however, the no-CG group showed more evidence of benefit finding in their memory narratives and experienced less negative emotion on recall. The findings suggest that CG is associated with distinctive patterns of autobiographical memory that are linked to self-identity. The pattern is consistent with self-memory system models of autobiographical remembering, and suggests that grieving individuals who experience ongoing yearning for their loved one view their self-identity as more closely linked to the deceased are more distressed by memories involving the loss. SN - 1873-622X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18977471/Self_defining_memories_in_complicated_grief_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0005-7967(08)00189-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -