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Vitamin D: a rapid review.

Abstract

Interest in all aspects of vitamin D seems to be surging due to perhaps the increased number of diverse positive studies suggesting it could prevent a variety of chronic diseases. However, before patients and health care professionals are educated on the preventive aspects of this vitamin that acts more like a hormone, a basic rapid review of vitamin D is needed. There are multiple reasons for the high rate of vitamin D deficiency around the world, including an aging population, obesity, protective skin care measures, skin pigmentation, increased awareness, more utilized diagnostic assays, and perhaps even the lack of natural and fortified food and beverage sources. Various benefits and limitations of vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 supplementation are discussed. The proper use of the vitamin D blood test, also known as "25-OH vitamin D," is important, and changing the normal range of this test may allow for a slightly higher cutoff value based on parathyroid hormone reductions and experience from clinical trials of osteoporosis prevention. The vitamin D doses needed to adequately increase blood levels are provided. Finally, increasing the recommended daily allowance of this vitamin to 800 to 1,000 IU per day may be beneficial for most age groups.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    University of Michigan Medical Center, Department of Urology, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

    Source

    Urologic nursing 28:5 2008 Oct pg 343-9, 384; quiz 350

    MeSH

    25-Hydroxyvitamin D 2
    Calcium
    Cholecalciferol
    Dietary Supplements
    Energy Intake
    Ergocalciferols
    Global Health
    Humans
    Mass Screening
    Nutrition Assessment
    Nutrition Policy
    Nutritive Value
    Reference Values
    Reproducibility of Results
    Risk Factors
    Vitamin D
    Vitamin D Deficiency
    Vitamins

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18980100

    Citation

    Moyad, Mark A.. "Vitamin D: a Rapid Review." Urologic Nursing, vol. 28, no. 5, 2008, pp. 343-9, 384; quiz 350.
    Moyad MA. Vitamin D: a rapid review. Urol Nurs. 2008;28(5):343-9, 384; quiz 350.
    Moyad, M. A. (2008). Vitamin D: a rapid review. Urologic Nursing, 28(5), pp. 343-9, 384; quiz 350.
    Moyad MA. Vitamin D: a Rapid Review. Urol Nurs. 2008;28(5):343-9, 384; quiz 350. PubMed PMID: 18980100.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamin D: a rapid review. A1 - Moyad,Mark A, PY - 2008/11/5/pubmed PY - 2008/12/18/medline PY - 2008/11/5/entrez SP - 343-9, 384; quiz 350 JF - Urologic nursing JO - Urol Nurs VL - 28 IS - 5 N2 - Interest in all aspects of vitamin D seems to be surging due to perhaps the increased number of diverse positive studies suggesting it could prevent a variety of chronic diseases. However, before patients and health care professionals are educated on the preventive aspects of this vitamin that acts more like a hormone, a basic rapid review of vitamin D is needed. There are multiple reasons for the high rate of vitamin D deficiency around the world, including an aging population, obesity, protective skin care measures, skin pigmentation, increased awareness, more utilized diagnostic assays, and perhaps even the lack of natural and fortified food and beverage sources. Various benefits and limitations of vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 supplementation are discussed. The proper use of the vitamin D blood test, also known as "25-OH vitamin D," is important, and changing the normal range of this test may allow for a slightly higher cutoff value based on parathyroid hormone reductions and experience from clinical trials of osteoporosis prevention. The vitamin D doses needed to adequately increase blood levels are provided. Finally, increasing the recommended daily allowance of this vitamin to 800 to 1,000 IU per day may be beneficial for most age groups. SN - 1053-816X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18980100/Vitamin_D:_a_rapid_review_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=18980100.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -