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Gingival recession in young adults: occurrence, severity, and relationship to past orthodontic treatment and oral piercing.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008 Nov; 134(5):652-6.AJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Gingival recession can be localized or generalized and associated with at least 1 tooth surface. As a result, gingival recession leads to root surface exposure, often causing esthetic impairment, fear of tooth loss, increased susceptibility for root caries, and dentin hypersensitivity. The prevalence, extent, and severity of gingival recession in a young adult Israeli population were evaluated, and the relationship between orthodontic therapy and other potential risk indicators and gingival recession was assessed.

METHODS

Our cohort included 303 consecutive healthy patients who had routine dental examinations at a military dental center. Information was collected regarding age, smoking habits, oral piercing, oral hygiene habits, and past orthodontic treatment. Clinical examination included visible gingival inflammation, visible dental plaque, and gingival recession on the facial aspects of all teeth.

RESULTS

Gingival recession was found in 14.6% of the subjects and in 1.6% of all examined teeth. The prevalence, extent, and severity of recession correlated with past orthodontic treatment. A negative correlation was found between plaque on the buccal tooth aspect and gingival recession. There was no correlation between gingivitis or smoking habits and recession. Prevalence was related to oral piercing.

CONCLUSIONS

Gingival recession is not uncommon in young adults and is related to past orthodontic treatment and oral piercing. Patients undergoing orthodontic treatment or about to pierce the tongue or lips should be advised regarding these findings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral Rehabilitation, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18984397

Citation

Slutzkey, Shimshon, and Liran Levin. "Gingival Recession in Young Adults: Occurrence, Severity, and Relationship to Past Orthodontic Treatment and Oral Piercing." American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics : Official Publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, Its Constituent Societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, vol. 134, no. 5, 2008, pp. 652-6.
Slutzkey S, Levin L. Gingival recession in young adults: occurrence, severity, and relationship to past orthodontic treatment and oral piercing. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008;134(5):652-6.
Slutzkey, S., & Levin, L. (2008). Gingival recession in young adults: occurrence, severity, and relationship to past orthodontic treatment and oral piercing. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics : Official Publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, Its Constituent Societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 134(5), 652-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2007.02.054
Slutzkey S, Levin L. Gingival Recession in Young Adults: Occurrence, Severity, and Relationship to Past Orthodontic Treatment and Oral Piercing. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008;134(5):652-6. PubMed PMID: 18984397.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gingival recession in young adults: occurrence, severity, and relationship to past orthodontic treatment and oral piercing. AU - Slutzkey,Shimshon, AU - Levin,Liran, PY - 2006/09/01/received PY - 2007/02/01/revised PY - 2007/02/01/accepted PY - 2008/11/6/pubmed PY - 2008/12/17/medline PY - 2008/11/6/entrez SP - 652 EP - 6 JF - American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics JO - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop VL - 134 IS - 5 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Gingival recession can be localized or generalized and associated with at least 1 tooth surface. As a result, gingival recession leads to root surface exposure, often causing esthetic impairment, fear of tooth loss, increased susceptibility for root caries, and dentin hypersensitivity. The prevalence, extent, and severity of gingival recession in a young adult Israeli population were evaluated, and the relationship between orthodontic therapy and other potential risk indicators and gingival recession was assessed. METHODS: Our cohort included 303 consecutive healthy patients who had routine dental examinations at a military dental center. Information was collected regarding age, smoking habits, oral piercing, oral hygiene habits, and past orthodontic treatment. Clinical examination included visible gingival inflammation, visible dental plaque, and gingival recession on the facial aspects of all teeth. RESULTS: Gingival recession was found in 14.6% of the subjects and in 1.6% of all examined teeth. The prevalence, extent, and severity of recession correlated with past orthodontic treatment. A negative correlation was found between plaque on the buccal tooth aspect and gingival recession. There was no correlation between gingivitis or smoking habits and recession. Prevalence was related to oral piercing. CONCLUSIONS: Gingival recession is not uncommon in young adults and is related to past orthodontic treatment and oral piercing. Patients undergoing orthodontic treatment or about to pierce the tongue or lips should be advised regarding these findings. SN - 1097-6752 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18984397/Gingival_recession_in_young_adults:_occurrence_severity_and_relationship_to_past_orthodontic_treatment_and_oral_piercing_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0889-5406(08)00768-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -