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Reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet soda has a limited impact on beverage consumption patterns in Maine high school youth.
J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 Nov-Dec; 40(6):341-7.JN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine change in high school students' beverage consumption patterns pre- and post-intervention of reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and diet soda in school food venues.

DESIGN

A prospective, quasi-experimental, nonrandomized study design.

SETTING

Public high schools.

PARTICIPANTS

A convenience sample from control (n = 221) and intervention (n = 235) high schools.

INTERVENTION

Schools aimed to reduce (n = 4) or not change (n = 3) availability of SSB and diet soda in food venues for 1 school year.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Subjects' beverage servings/day was determined from a food frequency questionnaire pre- and post-intervention.

ANALYSIS

Two-by-two mixed analysis of variance model compared pre- to post-intervention servings/day between control and intervention subjects, stratified by gender.

RESULTS

Consumption of SSB decreased in both intervention and control boys (F = 53.69, P < .05) and girls (F = 22.87, P < .05). Intervention girls decreased diet soda consumption as compared to control girls (F = 6.57, P < .05).

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS

Reducing availability of SSB in schools did not result in a greater decrease in SSB consumption by intervention as compared to control subjects. The impact of reducing availability of SSB at school may be limited. A better understanding of beverage consumption patterns may be needed to determine the efficacy of school food policies on those youth susceptible to obesity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Exercise, Health, and Sport Sciences Department, University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine 04038, USA. jwblum@usm.maine.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18984489

Citation

Blum, Janet E Whatley, et al. "Reduced Availability of Sugar-sweetened Beverages and Diet Soda Has a Limited Impact On Beverage Consumption Patterns in Maine High School Youth." Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 40, no. 6, 2008, pp. 341-7.
Blum JE, Davee AM, Beaudoin CM, et al. Reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet soda has a limited impact on beverage consumption patterns in Maine high school youth. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008;40(6):341-7.
Blum, J. E., Davee, A. M., Beaudoin, C. M., Jenkins, P. L., Kaley, L. A., & Wigand, D. A. (2008). Reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet soda has a limited impact on beverage consumption patterns in Maine high school youth. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 40(6), 341-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2007.12.004
Blum JE, et al. Reduced Availability of Sugar-sweetened Beverages and Diet Soda Has a Limited Impact On Beverage Consumption Patterns in Maine High School Youth. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 Nov-Dec;40(6):341-7. PubMed PMID: 18984489.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet soda has a limited impact on beverage consumption patterns in Maine high school youth. AU - Blum,Janet E Whatley, AU - Davee,Anne-Marie, AU - Beaudoin,Christina M, AU - Jenkins,Paul L, AU - Kaley,Lori A, AU - Wigand,Debra A, PY - 2007/08/01/received PY - 2007/12/14/revised PY - 2007/12/17/accepted PY - 2008/11/6/pubmed PY - 2009/2/14/medline PY - 2008/11/6/entrez SP - 341 EP - 7 JF - Journal of nutrition education and behavior JO - J Nutr Educ Behav VL - 40 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine change in high school students' beverage consumption patterns pre- and post-intervention of reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and diet soda in school food venues. DESIGN: A prospective, quasi-experimental, nonrandomized study design. SETTING: Public high schools. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample from control (n = 221) and intervention (n = 235) high schools. INTERVENTION: Schools aimed to reduce (n = 4) or not change (n = 3) availability of SSB and diet soda in food venues for 1 school year. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects' beverage servings/day was determined from a food frequency questionnaire pre- and post-intervention. ANALYSIS: Two-by-two mixed analysis of variance model compared pre- to post-intervention servings/day between control and intervention subjects, stratified by gender. RESULTS: Consumption of SSB decreased in both intervention and control boys (F = 53.69, P < .05) and girls (F = 22.87, P < .05). Intervention girls decreased diet soda consumption as compared to control girls (F = 6.57, P < .05). CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Reducing availability of SSB in schools did not result in a greater decrease in SSB consumption by intervention as compared to control subjects. The impact of reducing availability of SSB at school may be limited. A better understanding of beverage consumption patterns may be needed to determine the efficacy of school food policies on those youth susceptible to obesity. SN - 1878-2620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18984489/Reduced_availability_of_sugar_sweetened_beverages_and_diet_soda_has_a_limited_impact_on_beverage_consumption_patterns_in_Maine_high_school_youth_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -