Strategies for generating less toxic P-selectin inhibitors: pharmacophore modeling, virtual screening and counter pharmacophore screening to remove toxic hits.J Mol Graph Model. 2008 Nov; 27(4):546-57.JM
This paper describes the generation of ligand-based as well as structure-based models and virtual screening of less toxic P-selectin receptor inhibitors. Ligand-based model, 3D-pharmacophore was generated using 27 quinoline salicylic acid compounds and is used to retrieve the actives of P-selectin. This model contains three hydrogen bond acceptors (HBA), two ring aromatics (RA) and one hydrophobic feature (HY). To remove the toxic hits from the screened molecules, a counter pharmacophore model was generated using inhibitors of dihydrooratate dehydrogenase (DHOD), an important enzyme involved in nucleic acid synthesis, whose inhibition leads to toxic effects. Structure-based models were generated by docking and scoring of inhibitors against P-selectin receptor, to remove the false positives committed by pharmacophore screening. The combination of these ligand-based and structure-based virtual screening models were used to screen a commercial database containing 538,000 compounds.