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Decreased acetylcholine release is correlated to memory impairment in the Tg2576 transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.
Brain Res. 2009 Jan 16; 1249:222-8.BR

Abstract

Acetylcholine (ACh) release is one of the key factors in memory mechanisms. To clarify whether beta-amyloid (Abeta) induces a disturbance of the cholinergic system leading to memory impairment, we examined memory impairment and measured hippocampal ACh release in Tg2576 (Tg) mice that over-express the Swedish mutant amyloid precursor protein (APPsw). Furthermore, we examined Abeta burden with aging. Tg mice aged 9-11 months, but not aged 4-6 months, showed memory impairment in the 8-arm radial maze behavior test. Spontaneous ACh release was not altered in Tg mice compared with age-matched control mice at 4-6 or 9-11 months of age. On the other hand, high-K(+)-evoked ACh release was decreased in Tg mice aged 9-11 months, but not in Tg mice aged 4-6 months. Hippocampal Abeta increased in an age-dependent manner, but evident amyloid plaques were not found in the hippocampus of Tg mice aged 11 months. These results suggest that memory impairment in Tg mice could be attributed to cholinergic synapse dysfunction that could not be caused predominantly by amyloid plaques. Measuring ACh release in this model might be a useful index for the screening of new drugs to treat the early-phase of Alzheimer's disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neuropharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18996097

Citation

Watanabe, Takuya, et al. "Decreased Acetylcholine Release Is Correlated to Memory Impairment in the Tg2576 Transgenic Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease." Brain Research, vol. 1249, 2009, pp. 222-8.
Watanabe T, Yamagata N, Takasaki K, et al. Decreased acetylcholine release is correlated to memory impairment in the Tg2576 transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Brain Res. 2009;1249:222-8.
Watanabe, T., Yamagata, N., Takasaki, K., Sano, K., Hayakawa, K., Katsurabayashi, S., Egashira, N., Mishima, K., Iwasaki, K., & Fujiwara, M. (2009). Decreased acetylcholine release is correlated to memory impairment in the Tg2576 transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Brain Research, 1249, 222-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2008.10.029
Watanabe T, et al. Decreased Acetylcholine Release Is Correlated to Memory Impairment in the Tg2576 Transgenic Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease. Brain Res. 2009 Jan 16;1249:222-8. PubMed PMID: 18996097.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Decreased acetylcholine release is correlated to memory impairment in the Tg2576 transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. AU - Watanabe,Takuya, AU - Yamagata,Norito, AU - Takasaki,Kotaro, AU - Sano,Kazunori, AU - Hayakawa,Kazuhide, AU - Katsurabayashi,Shutaro, AU - Egashira,Nobuaki, AU - Mishima,Kenichi, AU - Iwasaki,Katsunori, AU - Fujiwara,Michihiro, Y1 - 2008/10/28/ PY - 2008/08/21/received PY - 2008/10/06/revised PY - 2008/10/06/accepted PY - 2008/11/11/pubmed PY - 2009/1/31/medline PY - 2008/11/11/entrez SP - 222 EP - 8 JF - Brain research JO - Brain Res VL - 1249 N2 - Acetylcholine (ACh) release is one of the key factors in memory mechanisms. To clarify whether beta-amyloid (Abeta) induces a disturbance of the cholinergic system leading to memory impairment, we examined memory impairment and measured hippocampal ACh release in Tg2576 (Tg) mice that over-express the Swedish mutant amyloid precursor protein (APPsw). Furthermore, we examined Abeta burden with aging. Tg mice aged 9-11 months, but not aged 4-6 months, showed memory impairment in the 8-arm radial maze behavior test. Spontaneous ACh release was not altered in Tg mice compared with age-matched control mice at 4-6 or 9-11 months of age. On the other hand, high-K(+)-evoked ACh release was decreased in Tg mice aged 9-11 months, but not in Tg mice aged 4-6 months. Hippocampal Abeta increased in an age-dependent manner, but evident amyloid plaques were not found in the hippocampus of Tg mice aged 11 months. These results suggest that memory impairment in Tg mice could be attributed to cholinergic synapse dysfunction that could not be caused predominantly by amyloid plaques. Measuring ACh release in this model might be a useful index for the screening of new drugs to treat the early-phase of Alzheimer's disease. SN - 1872-6240 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18996097/Decreased_acetylcholine_release_is_correlated_to_memory_impairment_in_the_Tg2576_transgenic_mouse_model_of_Alzheimer's_disease_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006-8993(08)02502-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -