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[Extreme solutions for those who do not succeed to quit smoking. About smokeless tobacco and harm reduction (part II)].
Pneumologia. 2008 Jul-Sep; 57(3):178-81.P

Abstract

Although in the last two decades, intensified tobacco control measures have increased access to smoking cessation services worldwide and pharmacological therapy in the field had enlarged spectrum and has higher efficiency, yet, long term abstinence rate is no more than 20-25%. Only 70% of smokers are willing to quit and only 10% succeed for good. The rest of 60% plus 30% not even willing to quit will balance between new attempts to quit, new failures to quit and continuing smoking, mainly cigarettes. Among them, many heavy smokers, highly nicotine addicted, unable to quit, even if strongly motivated too. Harm reduction concept is proposing alternatives to classic cigarettes smoking, which is the most dangerous modality of tobacco products consumption. Such alternatives try to minimize as much as possible harm induced by tobacco smoking, by reducing carcinogenic and toxic compounds in tobacco products. Overview of smokeless tobacco types is given, with health risks and consumption particularities in each case. Scientific community in the field's opinions are presented from the perspective of finding ways to save as many lives as possible of smokers unable to quit and to change actual status quo. As part of experts predict continuous increasing smoking prevalence in the future unless competitive alternatives to cigarettes smoking are arising, such alternatives can be temporarily helpful, in order to assist all categories of smokers to avoid tobacco smoke (most dangerous form of smoking) exposure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinica Pneumologică Iaşi. atrofor@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

rum

PubMed ID

18998333

Citation

Trofor, Antigona, et al. "[Extreme Solutions for Those Who Do Not Succeed to Quit Smoking. About Smokeless Tobacco and Harm Reduction (part II)]." Pneumologia (Bucharest, Romania), vol. 57, no. 3, 2008, pp. 178-81.
Trofor A, Eşanu V, Frasilă EL. [Extreme solutions for those who do not succeed to quit smoking. About smokeless tobacco and harm reduction (part II)]. Pneumologia. 2008;57(3):178-81.
Trofor, A., Eşanu, V., & Frasilă, E. L. (2008). [Extreme solutions for those who do not succeed to quit smoking. About smokeless tobacco and harm reduction (part II)]. Pneumologia (Bucharest, Romania), 57(3), 178-81.
Trofor A, Eşanu V, Frasilă EL. [Extreme Solutions for Those Who Do Not Succeed to Quit Smoking. About Smokeless Tobacco and Harm Reduction (part II)]. Pneumologia. 2008 Jul-Sep;57(3):178-81. PubMed PMID: 18998333.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Extreme solutions for those who do not succeed to quit smoking. About smokeless tobacco and harm reduction (part II)]. AU - Trofor,Antigona, AU - Eşanu,Valentina, AU - Frasilă,Elena-Luliana, PY - 2008/11/13/pubmed PY - 2008/12/20/medline PY - 2008/11/13/entrez SP - 178 EP - 81 JF - Pneumologia (Bucharest, Romania) JO - Pneumologia VL - 57 IS - 3 N2 - Although in the last two decades, intensified tobacco control measures have increased access to smoking cessation services worldwide and pharmacological therapy in the field had enlarged spectrum and has higher efficiency, yet, long term abstinence rate is no more than 20-25%. Only 70% of smokers are willing to quit and only 10% succeed for good. The rest of 60% plus 30% not even willing to quit will balance between new attempts to quit, new failures to quit and continuing smoking, mainly cigarettes. Among them, many heavy smokers, highly nicotine addicted, unable to quit, even if strongly motivated too. Harm reduction concept is proposing alternatives to classic cigarettes smoking, which is the most dangerous modality of tobacco products consumption. Such alternatives try to minimize as much as possible harm induced by tobacco smoking, by reducing carcinogenic and toxic compounds in tobacco products. Overview of smokeless tobacco types is given, with health risks and consumption particularities in each case. Scientific community in the field's opinions are presented from the perspective of finding ways to save as many lives as possible of smokers unable to quit and to change actual status quo. As part of experts predict continuous increasing smoking prevalence in the future unless competitive alternatives to cigarettes smoking are arising, such alternatives can be temporarily helpful, in order to assist all categories of smokers to avoid tobacco smoke (most dangerous form of smoking) exposure. SN - 2067-2993 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18998333/[Extreme_solutions_for_those_who_do_not_succeed_to_quit_smoking__About_smokeless_tobacco_and_harm_reduction__part_II_]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/smokelesstobacco.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -