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The impact of dairy product consumption on nutrient adequacy and weight of Head Start mothers.
Public Health Nutr. 2009 Oct; 12(10):1693-701.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the relationship of dairy product consumption on diet quality and weight of low-income women.

SETTING

Head Start centres in Texas and Alabama, USA.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study. Women were divided into dairy consumption groups: < or =1, >1 to < or =2 and >2 servings/d. Nutrient intake/diet quality was determined by calculating the percentage meeting the Estimated Average Requirement, guidelines for fat and added sugar, and Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR). Mean BMI was compared for the dairy consumption groups.

SUBJECTS

Mothers with children in Head Start; 609 African-Americans (43 %), Hispanic-Americans (32 %) and European-Americans (24 %).

RESULTS

Fifteen per cent of participants consumed >2 servings of dairy products and 57 % consumed < or =1 serving of dairy daily. Intakes of protein, vitamin D, riboflavin, P, Ca, K, Mg and Zn were significantly higher in those consuming >2 servings/d. Total SFA were higher and added sugars were lower in those consuming >2 servings of dairy products daily compared with those consuming < or =2 servings/d. Forty-one per cent of women consuming >2 servings of dairy daily had MAR scores under 85 compared with 94 % consuming < or =1 serving/d. Mean BMI was 30.36 kg/m2; there was no association between BMI and dairy product consumption.

CONCLUSIONS

Consumption of dairy products was low and was not associated with BMI in this low-income population. Higher levels of dairy product consumption were associated with higher MAR scores and improved intakes of Ca, K and Mg, which have been identified as shortfall nutrients in the diets of adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Louisiana State University AgCenter, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19000345

Citation

O'Neil, Carol E., et al. "The Impact of Dairy Product Consumption On Nutrient Adequacy and Weight of Head Start Mothers." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 10, 2009, pp. 1693-701.
O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA, Liu Y, et al. The impact of dairy product consumption on nutrient adequacy and weight of Head Start mothers. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(10):1693-701.
O'Neil, C. E., Nicklas, T. A., Liu, Y., & Franklin, F. A. (2009). The impact of dairy product consumption on nutrient adequacy and weight of Head Start mothers. Public Health Nutrition, 12(10), 1693-701. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980008003911
O'Neil CE, et al. The Impact of Dairy Product Consumption On Nutrient Adequacy and Weight of Head Start Mothers. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(10):1693-701. PubMed PMID: 19000345.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of dairy product consumption on nutrient adequacy and weight of Head Start mothers. AU - O'Neil,Carol E, AU - Nicklas,Theresa A, AU - Liu,Yan, AU - Franklin,Frank A, Y1 - 2008/11/12/ PY - 2008/11/13/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline PY - 2008/11/13/entrez SP - 1693 EP - 701 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 12 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of dairy product consumption on diet quality and weight of low-income women. SETTING: Head Start centres in Texas and Alabama, USA. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Women were divided into dairy consumption groups: < or =1, >1 to < or =2 and >2 servings/d. Nutrient intake/diet quality was determined by calculating the percentage meeting the Estimated Average Requirement, guidelines for fat and added sugar, and Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR). Mean BMI was compared for the dairy consumption groups. SUBJECTS: Mothers with children in Head Start; 609 African-Americans (43 %), Hispanic-Americans (32 %) and European-Americans (24 %). RESULTS: Fifteen per cent of participants consumed >2 servings of dairy products and 57 % consumed < or =1 serving of dairy daily. Intakes of protein, vitamin D, riboflavin, P, Ca, K, Mg and Zn were significantly higher in those consuming >2 servings/d. Total SFA were higher and added sugars were lower in those consuming >2 servings of dairy products daily compared with those consuming < or =2 servings/d. Forty-one per cent of women consuming >2 servings of dairy daily had MAR scores under 85 compared with 94 % consuming < or =1 serving/d. Mean BMI was 30.36 kg/m2; there was no association between BMI and dairy product consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of dairy products was low and was not associated with BMI in this low-income population. Higher levels of dairy product consumption were associated with higher MAR scores and improved intakes of Ca, K and Mg, which have been identified as shortfall nutrients in the diets of adults. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19000345/The_impact_of_dairy_product_consumption_on_nutrient_adequacy_and_weight_of_Head_Start_mothers_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980008003911/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -