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The reliability of self-reported cannabis abuse, dependence and withdrawal symptoms: multisite study of differences between general population and treatment groups.
Addict Behav 2009; 34(2):223-6AB

Abstract

In NIDA-funded studies, 739 cannabis users were interviewed twice, one week apart, in St. Louis, Miami, and Sydney. To examine differences in reliability of DSM-IV cannabis abuse and dependence criteria, including 19 withdrawal symptoms, the sample was dichotomized by treatment status, GEN POP (n=416) and TX (n=278). GEN POP had good to excellent reliability for abuse criteria (kappa=.56 to .86); TX was similarly reliable (kappa=.58 to .82). The most reliable abuse criterion among both groups was "legal problems"; the least reliable was "failure to fulfill major role obligations". The reliability of dependence criteria revealed similar patterns, with GEN POP (kappa=.49 to .74) and TX (kappa=.44 to .73) being equally reliable. The most reliable dependence criterion for both groups was "tolerance"; the least reliable was "continued use despite knowledge of physical or psychological harm". Although not mentioned in the DSM-IV for cannabis, withdrawal symptoms (especially plausible ones) were commonly and reliably reported. These analyses are important to verify the harms of cannabis, including withdrawal, as well as confirming the reliability of the criteria.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Epidemiology and Prevention Research Group, 40 N. Kingshighway Suite 4, Saint Louis, Missouri 63108, USA. mennesce@epi.wustl.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19004561

Citation

Mennes, Catharine E., et al. "The Reliability of Self-reported Cannabis Abuse, Dependence and Withdrawal Symptoms: Multisite Study of Differences Between General Population and Treatment Groups." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 34, no. 2, 2009, pp. 223-6.
Mennes CE, Ben Abdallah A, Cottler LB. The reliability of self-reported cannabis abuse, dependence and withdrawal symptoms: multisite study of differences between general population and treatment groups. Addict Behav. 2009;34(2):223-6.
Mennes, C. E., Ben Abdallah, A., & Cottler, L. B. (2009). The reliability of self-reported cannabis abuse, dependence and withdrawal symptoms: multisite study of differences between general population and treatment groups. Addictive Behaviors, 34(2), pp. 223-6. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.10.003.
Mennes CE, Ben Abdallah A, Cottler LB. The Reliability of Self-reported Cannabis Abuse, Dependence and Withdrawal Symptoms: Multisite Study of Differences Between General Population and Treatment Groups. Addict Behav. 2009;34(2):223-6. PubMed PMID: 19004561.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The reliability of self-reported cannabis abuse, dependence and withdrawal symptoms: multisite study of differences between general population and treatment groups. AU - Mennes,Catharine E, AU - Ben Abdallah,Arbi, AU - Cottler,Linda B, Y1 - 2008/10/10/ PY - 2008/05/09/received PY - 2008/08/25/revised PY - 2008/10/01/accepted PY - 2008/11/14/pubmed PY - 2009/8/6/medline PY - 2008/11/14/entrez SP - 223 EP - 6 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 34 IS - 2 N2 - In NIDA-funded studies, 739 cannabis users were interviewed twice, one week apart, in St. Louis, Miami, and Sydney. To examine differences in reliability of DSM-IV cannabis abuse and dependence criteria, including 19 withdrawal symptoms, the sample was dichotomized by treatment status, GEN POP (n=416) and TX (n=278). GEN POP had good to excellent reliability for abuse criteria (kappa=.56 to .86); TX was similarly reliable (kappa=.58 to .82). The most reliable abuse criterion among both groups was "legal problems"; the least reliable was "failure to fulfill major role obligations". The reliability of dependence criteria revealed similar patterns, with GEN POP (kappa=.49 to .74) and TX (kappa=.44 to .73) being equally reliable. The most reliable dependence criterion for both groups was "tolerance"; the least reliable was "continued use despite knowledge of physical or psychological harm". Although not mentioned in the DSM-IV for cannabis, withdrawal symptoms (especially plausible ones) were commonly and reliably reported. These analyses are important to verify the harms of cannabis, including withdrawal, as well as confirming the reliability of the criteria. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19004561/The_reliability_of_self_reported_cannabis_abuse_dependence_and_withdrawal_symptoms:_multisite_study_of_differences_between_general_population_and_treatment_groups_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(08)00276-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -