Nutrient and fiber intake and risk of renal cell carcinoma.Nutr Cancer 2008; 60(6):720-8NC
This study examines the association between nutrient and fiber intake and the risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Between 1994 and 1997 in 8 Canadian provinces, mailed questionnaires were completed by 1,138 incident, histologically confirmed cases of RCC and 5,039 population controls. Measurement included information on socioeconomic status, lifestyle habits, and diet. A 69-item food frequency questionnaire provided data on eating habits 2 yr before data collection. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals were derived through unconditional logistic regression. Intakes of total fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fat, trans-fat, and cholesterol were associated with the risk of RCC; the ORs for the highest vs. the lowest quartile were 1.67, 1.53 and 1.46, 1.31, and 1.48, respectively. The positive association was apparently stronger in women, overweight or obese, and never smokers. Sucrose was related to the risk of RCC. High fiber intake was inversely associated with RCC risk. No association was found with intake of total protein and polyunsaturated fat, n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and total carbohydrates. The results were consistent across strata of sex, tobacco, and BMI. The findings suggest that a diet low in fats and cholesterol and rich in fiber could favorably affect the risk of RCC.