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Great saphenous vein sparing surgery by angioscopic valvuloplasty combined with axial transposition of a competent tributary vein--5-year follow-up.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009 Jan; 37(1):103-8.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the efficacy and haemodynamic effects of great saphenous vein (GSV) sparing surgery--valvuloplasty combined with axial transposition of a competent tributary vein (A-VACT).

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Eighty-five limbs in 74 patients with isolated GSV incompetence were selected for GSV sparing surgery. After angiographic valvuloplasty, the competent tributary vein was exposed and cut 1.5 cm distal to its insertion point on the GSV. The transected vein was anastomosed end-to-side to the GSV, which was ligated between the tributary insertion site and the anastomosis. Venous valve competence were screened by serial postoperative duplex examination, and venous haemodynamic changes were analyzed using venous filling index (VFI) measured by air plethysmograph pre- and postoperatively. The follow-up period was 5-years.

RESULTS

Sixty-seven patients were included in whom 76 limbs were treated. There was a statistically significant reduction in the vein diameter at the SFJ after 5-years (0.83 S.D. 0.29 cm to 0.46 S.D. 0.12 cm, p=0.0002, Wilcoxon). Similarly, significant reduction was found in the GSV at the 5-year follow-up point (0.63 S.D. 0.19 cm to 0.39 S.D. 0.11 cm, p<0.0001, Wilcoxon). On the other hand, there was significant increase in the diameter of the competent tributary vein postoperatively (0.22 S.D. 0.13 cm to 0.31 S.D. 0.12 cm, p<0.0001, Wilcoxon). Duplex scanning demonstrated reflux at the SFJ in 12 limbs (16%). Similarly, in the GSV, venous reflux was found in 13 limbs (17%). Reflux in the transposed tributary vein was found in 20 limbs (26%). But only 7 limbs (9%) had minor varicose veins' recurrence. VFI remained normal during the follow-up examination. The preoperative VFI confirmed the presence of venous reflux, but there were significant improvement in the VFI values at all postoperative examinations.

CONCLUSIONS

A-VACT procedure improves venous function, resolves varicose veins at 5-years follow-up as well as preserving the GSV for future grafting.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. yamaki@prs.twmu.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19010068

Citation

Yamaki, T, et al. "Great Saphenous Vein Sparing Surgery By Angioscopic Valvuloplasty Combined With Axial Transposition of a Competent Tributary Vein--5-year Follow-up." European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery : the Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery, vol. 37, no. 1, 2009, pp. 103-8.
Yamaki T, Nozaki M, Sakurai H, et al. Great saphenous vein sparing surgery by angioscopic valvuloplasty combined with axial transposition of a competent tributary vein--5-year follow-up. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;37(1):103-8.
Yamaki, T., Nozaki, M., Sakurai, H., Takeuchi, M., Soejima, K., & Kono, T. (2009). Great saphenous vein sparing surgery by angioscopic valvuloplasty combined with axial transposition of a competent tributary vein--5-year follow-up. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery : the Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery, 37(1), 103-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2008.10.004
Yamaki T, et al. Great Saphenous Vein Sparing Surgery By Angioscopic Valvuloplasty Combined With Axial Transposition of a Competent Tributary Vein--5-year Follow-up. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;37(1):103-8. PubMed PMID: 19010068.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Great saphenous vein sparing surgery by angioscopic valvuloplasty combined with axial transposition of a competent tributary vein--5-year follow-up. AU - Yamaki,T, AU - Nozaki,M, AU - Sakurai,H, AU - Takeuchi,M, AU - Soejima,K, AU - Kono,T, Y1 - 2008/11/17/ PY - 2007/01/25/received PY - 2008/10/06/accepted PY - 2008/11/18/pubmed PY - 2008/12/30/medline PY - 2008/11/18/entrez SP - 103 EP - 8 JF - European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery JO - Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg VL - 37 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and haemodynamic effects of great saphenous vein (GSV) sparing surgery--valvuloplasty combined with axial transposition of a competent tributary vein (A-VACT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five limbs in 74 patients with isolated GSV incompetence were selected for GSV sparing surgery. After angiographic valvuloplasty, the competent tributary vein was exposed and cut 1.5 cm distal to its insertion point on the GSV. The transected vein was anastomosed end-to-side to the GSV, which was ligated between the tributary insertion site and the anastomosis. Venous valve competence were screened by serial postoperative duplex examination, and venous haemodynamic changes were analyzed using venous filling index (VFI) measured by air plethysmograph pre- and postoperatively. The follow-up period was 5-years. RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients were included in whom 76 limbs were treated. There was a statistically significant reduction in the vein diameter at the SFJ after 5-years (0.83 S.D. 0.29 cm to 0.46 S.D. 0.12 cm, p=0.0002, Wilcoxon). Similarly, significant reduction was found in the GSV at the 5-year follow-up point (0.63 S.D. 0.19 cm to 0.39 S.D. 0.11 cm, p<0.0001, Wilcoxon). On the other hand, there was significant increase in the diameter of the competent tributary vein postoperatively (0.22 S.D. 0.13 cm to 0.31 S.D. 0.12 cm, p<0.0001, Wilcoxon). Duplex scanning demonstrated reflux at the SFJ in 12 limbs (16%). Similarly, in the GSV, venous reflux was found in 13 limbs (17%). Reflux in the transposed tributary vein was found in 20 limbs (26%). But only 7 limbs (9%) had minor varicose veins' recurrence. VFI remained normal during the follow-up examination. The preoperative VFI confirmed the presence of venous reflux, but there were significant improvement in the VFI values at all postoperative examinations. CONCLUSIONS: A-VACT procedure improves venous function, resolves varicose veins at 5-years follow-up as well as preserving the GSV for future grafting. SN - 1532-2165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19010068/Great_saphenous_vein_sparing_surgery_by_angioscopic_valvuloplasty_combined_with_axial_transposition_of_a_competent_tributary_vein__5_year_follow_up_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1078-5884(08)00541-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -