Insulin requirement in preschoolers treated with insulin pumps at the onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus.Acta Paediatr. 2009 Mar; 98(3):527-30.AP
The aim of this study is to analyze changes in the basal insulin requirement in preschoolers treated with insulin pump at the onset of T1DM, using system to calculate meal time insulin.
58 children (31 girls) under 6 years (mean age 3.3 +/- 1.5 years) initiated on insulin pump therapy within 2 months after recognition of T1DM and treated at least for 1 year were analyzed during a follow-up period of 165 patient-years. Data was collected every 6 months: HbA1c, BMI SDS, diabetic ketoacidosis, severe hypoglycaemia, total daily insulin dose (TDD) and basal insulin.
Basal insulin rose from 10% in the third month and did not exceed 30% of TDD after 12 months (p<0.0001). In the third month, 46% of children were without basal insulin; this group included significantly older children (3.7 +/- 1.4 vs. 2.8 +/- 1.4 years; p = 0.01), which had lower TDD (0.33 +/- 0.18 vs. 0.54 +/- 0.23 u/kg/d; p = 0.0007) than children with basal insulin. HbA1c persisted < or =7.3%.
In preschool children initiated on CSII therapy at the time of T1DM diagnosis the first year of treatment is critical for altering the basal insulin dose. Preschoolers with TDD lower than 0.5 U/kg/d may not require basal insulin. Moreover, basal insulin did not exceed 30% of TDD in the first years after T1DM onset.