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Nutritional characteristics and body mass index of children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Dec; 108(12):2100-4.JA

Abstract

Children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands have been shown to have nutrient deficiencies, but data were estimated from a non-population-based sample. The current study is a cross-sectional assessment of 420 Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands children, 6 months to 10 years old. Diet, height, and weight were measured. Dietary intake was collected with a 24-hour dietary recall and analyzed using the Pacific Tracker dietary assessment tool. Prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy was estimated by the Estimated Average Requirement cut-point method. Fiber intake was one-third Adequate Intake (AI) and sodium intake was above the Tolerable Upper Intake Level for all ages. Calcium intake was half the AI for 4 to 8 years old, and less than half the AI for 9 to 10 years old. Meat/meat alternatives were double the recommendation, while all other food groups were below the recommendation for all ages. Prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy for vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, folate, magnesium, and phosphorus was lowest among 9- to 10-year-olds. Based on body mass index-for-age percentiles, 45% of 7- to 10-year-olds, 26% of 4- to 6-year-olds, and 25% of 2- to 3-year-olds were overweight or obese. Increasing whole grain, fruit, vegetable, and dairy intakes; reducing meat intakes and high-calorie foods and drinks; and increasing physical activity could improve nutrient intakes and body mass index status in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA. ypaulino@hawaii.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19027416

Citation

Paulino, Yvette C., et al. "Nutritional Characteristics and Body Mass Index of Children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 108, no. 12, 2008, pp. 2100-4.
Paulino YC, Coleman P, Davison NH, et al. Nutritional characteristics and body mass index of children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(12):2100-4.
Paulino, Y. C., Coleman, P., Davison, N. H., Lee, S. K., Camacho, T. B., Tenorio, L. F., Murphy, S. P., & Novotny, R. (2008). Nutritional characteristics and body mass index of children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 108(12), 2100-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.09.014
Paulino YC, et al. Nutritional Characteristics and Body Mass Index of Children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(12):2100-4. PubMed PMID: 19027416.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional characteristics and body mass index of children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. AU - Paulino,Yvette C, AU - Coleman,Patricia, AU - Davison,Nicola H, AU - Lee,Soo K, AU - Camacho,Tayna B, AU - Tenorio,Lynnette F, AU - Murphy,Suzanne P, AU - Novotny,Rachel, PY - 2008/01/24/received PY - 2008/06/25/accepted PY - 2008/11/26/pubmed PY - 2009/1/30/medline PY - 2008/11/26/entrez SP - 2100 EP - 4 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 108 IS - 12 N2 - Children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands have been shown to have nutrient deficiencies, but data were estimated from a non-population-based sample. The current study is a cross-sectional assessment of 420 Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands children, 6 months to 10 years old. Diet, height, and weight were measured. Dietary intake was collected with a 24-hour dietary recall and analyzed using the Pacific Tracker dietary assessment tool. Prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy was estimated by the Estimated Average Requirement cut-point method. Fiber intake was one-third Adequate Intake (AI) and sodium intake was above the Tolerable Upper Intake Level for all ages. Calcium intake was half the AI for 4 to 8 years old, and less than half the AI for 9 to 10 years old. Meat/meat alternatives were double the recommendation, while all other food groups were below the recommendation for all ages. Prevalence of dietary nutrient adequacy for vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, folate, magnesium, and phosphorus was lowest among 9- to 10-year-olds. Based on body mass index-for-age percentiles, 45% of 7- to 10-year-olds, 26% of 4- to 6-year-olds, and 25% of 2- to 3-year-olds were overweight or obese. Increasing whole grain, fruit, vegetable, and dairy intakes; reducing meat intakes and high-calorie foods and drinks; and increasing physical activity could improve nutrient intakes and body mass index status in this population. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19027416/Nutritional_characteristics_and_body_mass_index_of_children_in_the_Commonwealth_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(08)01734-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -