Platelet interaction with vascular smooth muscle in synthesis of prostacyclin.Am J Physiol. 1991 May; 260(5 Pt 2):H1544-51.AJ
Because vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) can be exposed to platelets at sites of significant arterial injury, we studied whether cultured rat aorta SMC can utilize platelet-derived arachidonate and prostaglandin (PG) endoperoxides (PGG2/PGH2) in the synthesis of prostacyclin (PGI2). SMC converted exogenous PGH2 to PGI2, measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA) of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, despite cyclooxygenase inhibition or PGH2-receptor blockade. SMC produced increasing amounts of PGI2 in the presence of an increasing number of platelets when the two cell types were coincubated with arachidonate. Furthermore, aspirin-pretreated SMC produced PGI2 in response to arachidonate, ionophore A23187, or thrombin in the presence of platelets but not in their absence. SMC, by themselves unresponsive to thrombin, produced PGI2 during coincubation with thrombin-stimulated aspirin-pretreated platelets. Separation of the SMC monolayer and platelets with a filter did not prevent platelet-dependent PGI2 formation by the SMC. Finally, aspirin-pretreated SMC, in cosuspension with platelets, inhibited platelet aggregation in association with PGI2 production. These data indicate that 1) SMC can synthesize PGI2 from exogenously added PGH2 and from platelet-derived arachidonate or endoperoxides, 2) direct cell-cell contact is not required for intercellular endoperoxide transfer, and 3) SMC can inhibit platelet aggregation possibly through PGI2 production from platelet-derived endoperoxides.