Multicriteria optimization methodology in development of HPLC separation of mycophenolic acid and mycophenolic acid glucuronide in human urine and plasma.J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2009 Nov 01; 50(4):640-8.JP
Multicriteria optimization methodology was applied for development of isocratic reversed-phased HPLC method for simultaneous determination of mycophenolic acid (MPA) and mycophenolic acid glucuronide (MPAG) in human urine and plasma. In the first stage of method development, pH value of the water phase, percentage of acetonitrile, temperature of the column and flow rate of the mobile phase were investigated using fractional factorial design. Afterwards, the optimal conditions were found employing central composite design and Derringer's desirability function. Two goals were considered, the retention factor of the MPAG to be in the range, between 0.8 and 1.118 which allowed well separation of MPAG from the urine and plasma peaks, and the shortest possible total analysis run time. Then, the obtained sigmoid functions were used to transform the optimization criteria into the desirability values. The satisfactory chromatographic conditions were obtained with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-phosphate buffer (pH 2.4; 0.04 M KH(2)PO(4)) (28:72, v/v). The separation was performed on C(18) Chromolith column (100 mm x 4.6 mm) with flow rate of 5 mL/min, the temperature of the column was 25 degrees C and the chosen wavelength for simultaneous determination of MPA and MPAG was 215 nm. The MPAG eluted at 0.552 min and the duration of run was 3.092 min. Afterwards, the method was subjected to validation. Linearity was observed over the concentration range of 1-50 microg/mL for MPA and 1-500 microg/mL for MPAG in urine and 1-60 microg/mL for MPA and 1-70 microg/mL for MPAG in plasma matrix. The method showed intra-day and inter-day precision with relative standard deviation lower then 5% and accuracy as recovery (%) between 100+/-5%.