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Neural basis of music imagery and the effect of musical expertise.
Eur J Neurosci. 2008 Dec; 28(11):2352-60.EJ

Abstract

Although the influence of long-term musical training on the processing of heard music has been the subject of many studies, the neural basis of music imagery and the effect of musical expertise remain insufficiently understood. By means of magnetoencephalography (MEG) we compared musicians and nonmusicians in a musical imagery task with familiar melodies. Subjects listened to the beginnings of the melodies, continued them in their imagination and then heard a tone which was either a correct or an incorrect further continuation of the melody. Only in musicians was the imagery of these melodies strong enough to elicit an early preattentive brain response to unexpected incorrect continuations of the imagined melodies; this response, the imagery mismatch negativity (iMMN), peaked approximately 175 ms after tone onset and was right-lateralized. In contrast to previous studies the iMMN was not based on a heard but on a purely imagined memory trace. Our results suggest that in trained musicians imagery and perception rely on similar neuronal correlates, and that the musicians' intense musical training has modified this network to achieve a superior ability for imagery and preattentive processing of music.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignalanalysis, University of Münster, Malmedyweg 15, D-48149 Münster, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19046375

Citation

Herholz, Sibylle C., et al. "Neural Basis of Music Imagery and the Effect of Musical Expertise." The European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 28, no. 11, 2008, pp. 2352-60.
Herholz SC, Lappe C, Knief A, et al. Neural basis of music imagery and the effect of musical expertise. Eur J Neurosci. 2008;28(11):2352-60.
Herholz, S. C., Lappe, C., Knief, A., & Pantev, C. (2008). Neural basis of music imagery and the effect of musical expertise. The European Journal of Neuroscience, 28(11), 2352-60. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2008.06515.x
Herholz SC, et al. Neural Basis of Music Imagery and the Effect of Musical Expertise. Eur J Neurosci. 2008;28(11):2352-60. PubMed PMID: 19046375.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neural basis of music imagery and the effect of musical expertise. AU - Herholz,Sibylle C, AU - Lappe,Claudia, AU - Knief,Arne, AU - Pantev,Christo, PY - 2008/12/3/pubmed PY - 2009/2/21/medline PY - 2008/12/3/entrez SP - 2352 EP - 60 JF - The European journal of neuroscience JO - Eur J Neurosci VL - 28 IS - 11 N2 - Although the influence of long-term musical training on the processing of heard music has been the subject of many studies, the neural basis of music imagery and the effect of musical expertise remain insufficiently understood. By means of magnetoencephalography (MEG) we compared musicians and nonmusicians in a musical imagery task with familiar melodies. Subjects listened to the beginnings of the melodies, continued them in their imagination and then heard a tone which was either a correct or an incorrect further continuation of the melody. Only in musicians was the imagery of these melodies strong enough to elicit an early preattentive brain response to unexpected incorrect continuations of the imagined melodies; this response, the imagery mismatch negativity (iMMN), peaked approximately 175 ms after tone onset and was right-lateralized. In contrast to previous studies the iMMN was not based on a heard but on a purely imagined memory trace. Our results suggest that in trained musicians imagery and perception rely on similar neuronal correlates, and that the musicians' intense musical training has modified this network to achieve a superior ability for imagery and preattentive processing of music. SN - 1460-9568 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19046375/Neural_basis_of_music_imagery_and_the_effect_of_musical_expertise_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2008.06515.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -