Developmental toxic potential of 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol in Sprague-Dawley rats.Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2009 Feb; 53(1):63-9.RT
This study investigated the potential adverse effects of 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol (1,3-DCP) on pregnant dams and the embryo-fetal development after maternal exposure on gestational days (GD) 6 through 19 in Sprague-Dawley rats. The test chemical was administered to pregnant rats by gavage at dose levels of 0, 10, 30, and 90mg/kg per day (n=10 for each group). All dams underwent Caesarean sections on GD 20, and their fetuses were examined for morphological abnormalities. Maternal toxicity was noted at 90mg/kg/day. Manifestations of toxicity included clinical signs of illness, lower body weight gain, decreased food intake, and increases in the weight of the adrenal glands and the liver. Developmental toxic effects including decreases in fetal body weight and increases in visceral and skeletal variations also occurred at the highest dose. At 30mg/kg, only a minimal maternal toxicity, including a decrease in maternal food intake and an increase in the liver weight, was observed. No adverse maternal or developmental effects were observed at 10mg/kg/day. These results revealed that a 14-day repeated oral dose of 1,3-DCP was minimally embryotoxic but not teratogenic at a maternal toxic dose (90mg/kg/day), and was not embryotoxic at a minimally maternal toxic dose (30mg/kg/day) in rats. Because the developmental toxicity of 1,3-DCP was observed only in the presence of maternal toxicity, it is concluded that the developmental findings observed in the present study are secondary effects to maternal toxicity. Under these experimental conditions, the no-observed-adverse-effect level of 1,3-DCP is considered to be 10mg/kg/day for dams and 30mg/kg/day for embryo-fetal development.