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The case of Heinrich Wilhelm Poll (1877-1939): a German-Jewish geneticist, eugenicist, twin researcher, and victim of the Nazis.
J Hist Biol. 2008 Spring; 41(1):1-35.JH

Abstract

This paper uses a reconstruction of the life and career of Heinrich Poll as a window into developments and professional relationships in the biological sciences in Germany in the period from the beginning of the twentieth century to the Nazi seizure of power in 1933. Poll's intellectual work involved an early transition from morphometric physical anthropology to comparative evolutionary studies, and also found expression in twin research--a field in which he was an acknowledged early pioneer. His advocacy of eugenics led to participation in state-sponsored committees convened to advise on social policy, one of which debated sterilisation and made recommendations that led eventually to the establishment of the notorious Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. However, his status as a prominent geneticist and, in particular, as a eugenicist had an ironic and ultimately tragic dimension. Heinrich Poll was of Jewish birth, and this resulted in his career being destroyed by an application of the population policies he had helped put in place.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of German and Slavonic Studies, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. j.braund@auckland.ac.nzNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19048794

Citation

Braund, James, and Douglas G. Sutton. "The Case of Heinrich Wilhelm Poll (1877-1939): a German-Jewish Geneticist, Eugenicist, Twin Researcher, and Victim of the Nazis." Journal of the History of Biology, vol. 41, no. 1, 2008, pp. 1-35.
Braund J, Sutton DG. The case of Heinrich Wilhelm Poll (1877-1939): a German-Jewish geneticist, eugenicist, twin researcher, and victim of the Nazis. J Hist Biol. 2008;41(1):1-35.
Braund, J., & Sutton, D. G. (2008). The case of Heinrich Wilhelm Poll (1877-1939): a German-Jewish geneticist, eugenicist, twin researcher, and victim of the Nazis. Journal of the History of Biology, 41(1), 1-35.
Braund J, Sutton DG. The Case of Heinrich Wilhelm Poll (1877-1939): a German-Jewish Geneticist, Eugenicist, Twin Researcher, and Victim of the Nazis. J Hist Biol. 2008;41(1):1-35. PubMed PMID: 19048794.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The case of Heinrich Wilhelm Poll (1877-1939): a German-Jewish geneticist, eugenicist, twin researcher, and victim of the Nazis. AU - Braund,James, AU - Sutton,Douglas G, PY - 2008/12/4/pubmed PY - 2008/12/17/medline PY - 2008/12/4/entrez SP - 1 EP - 35 JF - Journal of the history of biology JO - J Hist Biol VL - 41 IS - 1 N2 - This paper uses a reconstruction of the life and career of Heinrich Poll as a window into developments and professional relationships in the biological sciences in Germany in the period from the beginning of the twentieth century to the Nazi seizure of power in 1933. Poll's intellectual work involved an early transition from morphometric physical anthropology to comparative evolutionary studies, and also found expression in twin research--a field in which he was an acknowledged early pioneer. His advocacy of eugenics led to participation in state-sponsored committees convened to advise on social policy, one of which debated sterilisation and made recommendations that led eventually to the establishment of the notorious Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. However, his status as a prominent geneticist and, in particular, as a eugenicist had an ironic and ultimately tragic dimension. Heinrich Poll was of Jewish birth, and this resulted in his career being destroyed by an application of the population policies he had helped put in place. SN - 0022-5010 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19048794/The_case_of_Heinrich_Wilhelm_Poll__1877_1939_:_a_German_Jewish_geneticist_eugenicist_twin_researcher_and_victim_of_the_Nazis_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -