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Amygdala activity can be modulated by unexpected chord functions during music listening.
Neuroreport. 2008 Dec 03; 19(18):1815-9.N

Abstract

Numerous earlier studies have investigated the cognitive processing of musical syntax with regular and irregular chord sequences. However, irregular sequences may also be perceived as unexpected, and therefore have a different emotional valence than regular sequences. We provide behavioral data showing that irregular chord functions presented in chord sequence paradigms are perceived as less pleasant than regular sequences. A reanalysis of functional MRI data showed increased blood oxygen level-dependent signal changes bilaterally in the amygdala in response to music-syntactically irregular (compared with regular) chord functions. The combined data indicate that music-syntactically irregular events elicit brain activity related to emotional processes, and that, in addition to intensely pleasurable music or highly unpleasant music, single chord functions can also modulate amygdala activity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Junior Research Group Neurocognition of Music, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Science, Leipzig, Germany. koelsch@cbs.mpg.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19050462

Citation

Koelsch, Stefan, et al. "Amygdala Activity Can Be Modulated By Unexpected Chord Functions During Music Listening." Neuroreport, vol. 19, no. 18, 2008, pp. 1815-9.
Koelsch S, Fritz T, Schlaug G. Amygdala activity can be modulated by unexpected chord functions during music listening. Neuroreport. 2008;19(18):1815-9.
Koelsch, S., Fritz, T., & Schlaug, G. (2008). Amygdala activity can be modulated by unexpected chord functions during music listening. Neuroreport, 19(18), 1815-9. https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e32831a8722
Koelsch S, Fritz T, Schlaug G. Amygdala Activity Can Be Modulated By Unexpected Chord Functions During Music Listening. Neuroreport. 2008 Dec 3;19(18):1815-9. PubMed PMID: 19050462.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Amygdala activity can be modulated by unexpected chord functions during music listening. AU - Koelsch,Stefan, AU - Fritz,Thomas, AU - Schlaug,Gottfried, PY - 2008/12/4/pubmed PY - 2009/2/20/medline PY - 2008/12/4/entrez SP - 1815 EP - 9 JF - Neuroreport JO - Neuroreport VL - 19 IS - 18 N2 - Numerous earlier studies have investigated the cognitive processing of musical syntax with regular and irregular chord sequences. However, irregular sequences may also be perceived as unexpected, and therefore have a different emotional valence than regular sequences. We provide behavioral data showing that irregular chord functions presented in chord sequence paradigms are perceived as less pleasant than regular sequences. A reanalysis of functional MRI data showed increased blood oxygen level-dependent signal changes bilaterally in the amygdala in response to music-syntactically irregular (compared with regular) chord functions. The combined data indicate that music-syntactically irregular events elicit brain activity related to emotional processes, and that, in addition to intensely pleasurable music or highly unpleasant music, single chord functions can also modulate amygdala activity. SN - 1473-558X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19050462/Amygdala_activity_can_be_modulated_by_unexpected_chord_functions_during_music_listening_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e32831a8722 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -