Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The effect of additional strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in patellofemoral pain syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot study.
Clin Rehabil. 2008 Dec; 22(12):1051-60.CR

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To study the effect of additional strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in a strengthening quadriceps exercise rehabilitation programme for patients with the patellofemoral pain syndrome.

DESIGN

Randomized controlled pilot trial.

SETTING

Clinical setting with home programme.

PARTICIPANTS

Fourteen patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome.

INTERVENTION

The subjects were randomly assigned to the intervention group (strengthening of quadriceps plus strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles) or to the control group (strengthening of quadriceps). Both groups participated in a six-week home exercise protocol.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

The perceived pain symptoms, isokinetic eccentric knee extensor, hip abductor and lateral rotator torques and the gluteus medius electromyographic activity were assessed before and after treatment. Parametric and non-parametric tests were used to compare the groups before and after treatment with alpha=0.05.

RESULTS

Only the intervention group improved perceived pain symptoms during functional activities (P=0.02-0.04) and also increased their gluteus medius electromyographic activity during isometric voluntary contraction (P=0.03). Eccentric knee extensors torque increased in both groups (P=0.04 and P=0.02). There was no statistically significant difference in the hip muscles torque in either group.

CONCLUSION

Supplementation of strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in a strengthening quadriceps exercise programme provided additional benefits with respect to the perceived pain symptoms during functional activities in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome after six weeks of treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Physiotherapy Department, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos SP, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19052244

Citation

Nakagawa, Theresa Helissa, et al. "The Effect of Additional Strengthening of Hip Abductor and Lateral Rotator Muscles in Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: a Randomized Controlled Pilot Study." Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 22, no. 12, 2008, pp. 1051-60.
Nakagawa TH, Muniz TB, Baldon Rde M, et al. The effect of additional strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in patellofemoral pain syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot study. Clin Rehabil. 2008;22(12):1051-60.
Nakagawa, T. H., Muniz, T. B., Baldon, R. d. e. . M., Dias Maciel, C., de Menezes Reiff, R. B., & Serrão, F. V. (2008). The effect of additional strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in patellofemoral pain syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot study. Clinical Rehabilitation, 22(12), 1051-60. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215508095357
Nakagawa TH, et al. The Effect of Additional Strengthening of Hip Abductor and Lateral Rotator Muscles in Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: a Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Clin Rehabil. 2008;22(12):1051-60. PubMed PMID: 19052244.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of additional strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in patellofemoral pain syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot study. AU - Nakagawa,Theresa Helissa, AU - Muniz,Thiago Batista, AU - Baldon,Rodrigo de Marche, AU - Dias Maciel,Carlos, AU - de Menezes Reiff,Rodrigo Bezerra, AU - Serrão,Fábio Viadanna, PY - 2008/12/5/pubmed PY - 2009/3/6/medline PY - 2008/12/5/entrez SP - 1051 EP - 60 JF - Clinical rehabilitation JO - Clin Rehabil VL - 22 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of additional strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in a strengthening quadriceps exercise rehabilitation programme for patients with the patellofemoral pain syndrome. DESIGN: Randomized controlled pilot trial. SETTING: Clinical setting with home programme. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. INTERVENTION: The subjects were randomly assigned to the intervention group (strengthening of quadriceps plus strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles) or to the control group (strengthening of quadriceps). Both groups participated in a six-week home exercise protocol. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The perceived pain symptoms, isokinetic eccentric knee extensor, hip abductor and lateral rotator torques and the gluteus medius electromyographic activity were assessed before and after treatment. Parametric and non-parametric tests were used to compare the groups before and after treatment with alpha=0.05. RESULTS: Only the intervention group improved perceived pain symptoms during functional activities (P=0.02-0.04) and also increased their gluteus medius electromyographic activity during isometric voluntary contraction (P=0.03). Eccentric knee extensors torque increased in both groups (P=0.04 and P=0.02). There was no statistically significant difference in the hip muscles torque in either group. CONCLUSION: Supplementation of strengthening of hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in a strengthening quadriceps exercise programme provided additional benefits with respect to the perceived pain symptoms during functional activities in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome after six weeks of treatment. SN - 0269-2155 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19052244/The_effect_of_additional_strengthening_of_hip_abductor_and_lateral_rotator_muscles_in_patellofemoral_pain_syndrome:_a_randomized_controlled_pilot_study_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0269215508095357?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -