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Injury in adult female sexual assault complainants and related factors.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009 Feb; 142(2):149-53.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study was undertaken to document physical injuries and ascertain associated variables in female complainants of sexual assault.

STUDY DESIGN

164 cases of sexual assault between 2002 and 2006 in Belfast were included. 162 women consented to body examination and 153 to genital examination. Data for the study were obtained from the contemporaneous notes of a forensic doctor who examined the victims.

RESULTS

Of 164 females, 44% were less than 20 years of age, mean age was 24.2, range 13-74 years; two-thirds reported alcohol consumption prior to assault. Non-genital (body) injury was observed in 61%, genital injury in 39%, both in 20% and 18% had no injury. Body injury was associated with time to examination (OR=4.0, p<0.01), alcohol intake prior to assault (OR=3.33, p<0.001), assault occurring outdoors (OR=3.45, p<0.01), previous sexual intercourse (OR=3.19, p<0.01) and genital injury (OR=2.24, p<0.05). Genital injury was related to acquaintance assault (OR=2.33, p<0.05), time to examination (OR=3.70, p<0.05), reported virgin status (OR=3.03, p<0.01) and absence of hormonal contraception (OR=2.04, p<0.10).

CONCLUSION

Almost half the victims of sexual assault were less than 20 years old and injury was detected in over 80%. Time to examination and prior sexual experience were related to genital and body injury. Assault occurring outdoors and alcohol intake were associated with body injury. Genital injury was more frequent in acquaintance assault and victims not using hormonal contraception. Young females drinking alcohol are at a very high risk for sexual assault.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19054602

Citation

Maguire, Winifred, et al. "Injury in Adult Female Sexual Assault Complainants and Related Factors." European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, vol. 142, no. 2, 2009, pp. 149-53.
Maguire W, Goodall E, Moore T. Injury in adult female sexual assault complainants and related factors. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009;142(2):149-53.
Maguire, W., Goodall, E., & Moore, T. (2009). Injury in adult female sexual assault complainants and related factors. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 142(2), 149-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2008.10.005
Maguire W, Goodall E, Moore T. Injury in Adult Female Sexual Assault Complainants and Related Factors. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009;142(2):149-53. PubMed PMID: 19054602.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Injury in adult female sexual assault complainants and related factors. AU - Maguire,Winifred, AU - Goodall,Edward, AU - Moore,Tara, Y1 - 2008/12/02/ PY - 2008/02/20/received PY - 2008/08/22/revised PY - 2008/10/05/accepted PY - 2008/12/5/pubmed PY - 2009/5/23/medline PY - 2008/12/5/entrez SP - 149 EP - 53 JF - European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology JO - Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol. VL - 142 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to document physical injuries and ascertain associated variables in female complainants of sexual assault. STUDY DESIGN: 164 cases of sexual assault between 2002 and 2006 in Belfast were included. 162 women consented to body examination and 153 to genital examination. Data for the study were obtained from the contemporaneous notes of a forensic doctor who examined the victims. RESULTS: Of 164 females, 44% were less than 20 years of age, mean age was 24.2, range 13-74 years; two-thirds reported alcohol consumption prior to assault. Non-genital (body) injury was observed in 61%, genital injury in 39%, both in 20% and 18% had no injury. Body injury was associated with time to examination (OR=4.0, p<0.01), alcohol intake prior to assault (OR=3.33, p<0.001), assault occurring outdoors (OR=3.45, p<0.01), previous sexual intercourse (OR=3.19, p<0.01) and genital injury (OR=2.24, p<0.05). Genital injury was related to acquaintance assault (OR=2.33, p<0.05), time to examination (OR=3.70, p<0.05), reported virgin status (OR=3.03, p<0.01) and absence of hormonal contraception (OR=2.04, p<0.10). CONCLUSION: Almost half the victims of sexual assault were less than 20 years old and injury was detected in over 80%. Time to examination and prior sexual experience were related to genital and body injury. Assault occurring outdoors and alcohol intake were associated with body injury. Genital injury was more frequent in acquaintance assault and victims not using hormonal contraception. Young females drinking alcohol are at a very high risk for sexual assault. SN - 1872-7654 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19054602/Injury_in_adult_female_sexual_assault_complainants_and_related_factors_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-2115(08)00386-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -