Synthesis and antitumor activity of novel 20s-camptothecin analogues.Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Jan 15; 19(2):513-5.BM
In an effort to decrease the toxicity and improve the stability of labile lactone ring of camptothecin, nitrogenous heterocyclic aromatic groups were introduced into 20-position of camptothecin and seventeen new 20s-camptothecin derivatives were obtained in quantitative yield. The cytotoxicity in vitro on three cancer cell lines and the stability of the lactone in phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) of these derivatives were evaluated. Most of these tested derivatives possessed better cytotoxicity than topotecan. Analogues 6, 12 exhibited the best antitumor activity in vivo in all derivatives we prepared. The results suggested that introduction of pyrazole in 10- or 20-position of camptothecin could promote antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo, simultaneously bring much increase of the stability of lactone.