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Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Jan; 89(1):372-81.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes.

OBJECTIVE

We examined national trends in SSB consumption among US adults by sociodemographic characteristics, body weight status, and weight-loss intention.

DESIGN

We analyzed 24-h dietary recall data to estimate beverage consumption among adults (aged > or = 20 y) obtained from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994; n = 15,979) and NHANES 1999-2004 (n = 13,431).

RESULTS

From 1988-1994 to 1999-2004 on the survey day, the percentage of adult SSB drinkers increased from 58% to 63% (P < 0.001), per capita consumption of SSB increased by 46 kcal/d (P = 0.001), and daily SSB consumption among drinkers increased by 6 oz (P < 0.001). In both survey periods, per capita SSB consumption was highest among young adults (231-289 kcal/d) and lowest among the elderly (68-83 kcal/d). Young blacks had the highest percentage of SSB drinkers and the highest per capita consumption compared with white and Mexican American adults (P < 0.05). Overweight-obese adults with weight-loss intention (compared with those without) were significantly less likely to drink SSB, but they still consumed a considerable amount in 1999-2004 (278 kcal/d). Among young adults, 20% of SSB calories were consumed at work.

CONCLUSIONS

Over the past decade, US adult SSB consumption has increased. SSB comprises a considerable source of total daily intake and is the largest source of beverage calories. SSB consumption is highest among subgroups also at greatest risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. sbleich@jhsph.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19056548

Citation

Bleich, Sara N., et al. "Increasing Consumption of Sugar-sweetened Beverages Among US Adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 89, no. 1, 2009, pp. 372-81.
Bleich SN, Wang YC, Wang Y, et al. Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(1):372-81.
Bleich, S. N., Wang, Y. C., Wang, Y., & Gortmaker, S. L. (2009). Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89(1), 372-81. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2008.26883
Bleich SN, et al. Increasing Consumption of Sugar-sweetened Beverages Among US Adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(1):372-81. PubMed PMID: 19056548.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004. AU - Bleich,Sara N, AU - Wang,Y Claire, AU - Wang,Youfa, AU - Gortmaker,Steven L, Y1 - 2008/12/03/ PY - 2008/12/6/pubmed PY - 2009/2/6/medline PY - 2008/12/6/entrez SP - 372 EP - 81 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am J Clin Nutr VL - 89 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: We examined national trends in SSB consumption among US adults by sociodemographic characteristics, body weight status, and weight-loss intention. DESIGN: We analyzed 24-h dietary recall data to estimate beverage consumption among adults (aged > or = 20 y) obtained from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994; n = 15,979) and NHANES 1999-2004 (n = 13,431). RESULTS: From 1988-1994 to 1999-2004 on the survey day, the percentage of adult SSB drinkers increased from 58% to 63% (P < 0.001), per capita consumption of SSB increased by 46 kcal/d (P = 0.001), and daily SSB consumption among drinkers increased by 6 oz (P < 0.001). In both survey periods, per capita SSB consumption was highest among young adults (231-289 kcal/d) and lowest among the elderly (68-83 kcal/d). Young blacks had the highest percentage of SSB drinkers and the highest per capita consumption compared with white and Mexican American adults (P < 0.05). Overweight-obese adults with weight-loss intention (compared with those without) were significantly less likely to drink SSB, but they still consumed a considerable amount in 1999-2004 (278 kcal/d). Among young adults, 20% of SSB calories were consumed at work. CONCLUSIONS: Over the past decade, US adult SSB consumption has increased. SSB comprises a considerable source of total daily intake and is the largest source of beverage calories. SSB consumption is highest among subgroups also at greatest risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. SN - 1938-3207 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19056548/Increasing_consumption_of_sugar_sweetened_beverages_among_US_adults:_1988_1994_to_1999_2004_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/ajcn.2008.26883 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -